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Manuscript/Mixed Material al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʼah الملخص في الهيئة

About this Item


  • al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʼah

Other Title

  • الملخص في الهيئة


  • Mulahhas fī al-Hay'a (Compendium of astronomy) by Sharaf al-Dīn Mahmūd ibn Muhammad ibn 'Umar al-Jiġhmīnī (died circa 1221) is one of the most famous textbooks of astronomy ever produced in the Islamic world. The importance of the work is clearly indicated by the existence of thousands of copies of the text, some representing the autonomous tradition of the Mulahhas itself, others preserving the work as part of the many commentaries and even supercommentaries (commentaries on commentaries) that were produced in the centuries that followed its appearance. One well-known extensive commentary is that by Ṣalāh al-Din Musa ibn Muḥammad (also called Qādī Zāda, died 1436). The Mulahhas was translated into Persian and Turkish in the early modern period. Its clearly didactic aim made it part of the educational curriculum in different lands of the Islamic world, and students often read the Mulahhas together with one of its later commentaries. Al-Jiġhmīnī's compendium is made up of three sections: an introduction devoted to the general description of celestial and terrestrial bodies; the first part of the treatise containing an explanation of the celestial orbs and planets; and the second part of the treatise that deals with the Earth. As an elementary introduction for students, the book does not contain any complex mathematical calculations, but it does provide the theoretical framework in which such astronomical calculations can be understood. The copy of the Mulahhas fī al-Hay'a preserved in this manuscript is enriched by drawings of the orbits of the sun and other planets early in the work and of the seven climatic zones of the Earth in the middle. World Digital Library.
  • Text is a compendium of astronomy which describes the methods of determining the positions of longitude; it consists of an introduction and two chapters.


  • Jighmīnī, Maḥmūd ibn Muḥammad, -1221?
  • Manṣūrī, Maḥmūd al-Imām, former owner
  • Ṭawīl, Ḥasan, scribe
  • Mansuri Collection (Library of Congress)

Created / Published

  • 1289 H [1872].


  • Text followed by three untitled poems.


  • -  Astronomy, Arab--Early works to 1800
  • -  Longitude--Early works to 1800
  • -  Manuscripts, Arabic--Washington (D.C.)


  • -  Binding: modern cardboard covered in cloth with leather spine.
  • -  Fol. 1b-26a.
  • -  Library of Congress. Mansuri Collection, 5-750.
  • -  Ms.
  • -  Naskhī script; 21 lines in written area, 13 x 7 cm.
  • -  Paper: thick, cream-colored paper, with watermarks, in moderate condition. Black and violet ink in text. Catchwords on rectos.
  • -  Sketches of the orbit of sun and other celestial bodies on fol. 3b and the 7 zones of habitation (aqālīm) on fol. 19b.
  • -  Title from indrod. fol. 1b.
  • -  Transcribed by Ḥasan al-Ṭawīl in 1289 H [1872].
  • -  Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website.
  • -  Arabic.
  • -  Purchase of Mahmud al-Mansuri collection, 1945.
  • -  Incipit: الحمد لله كفاء أفضاله والصلاة على النبي وأله. يقول عبد الله الفقير إلى رحمته محمود بن محمد الجغميني رحمه الله إني ألفت هذا الكتاب فى هيئة العالم تذكرة من بعدى لكل عالم متحريا فيه التلخيص مع البيان وإيجاز الألفاظ إلى بسط المعاني بحسب الإمكان ....


  • 26 leaves (21 lines), bound : paper ; 23 x 16 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • QB225 .J54 1872

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2008401693

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Jighmīnī, Maḥmūd Ibn Muḥammad, -1221?, Maḥmūd Al-Imām Manṣūrī, Ḥasan Ṭawīl, and Mansuri Collection. al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʼah. [H 1872, 1872] Manuscript/Mixed Material.

APA citation style:

Jighmīnī, M. I. M., Manṣūrī, M. A., Ṭawīl, Ḥ. & Mansuri Collection. (1872) al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʼah. [H 1872] [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Jighmīnī, Maḥmūd Ibn Muḥammad, -1221?, et al. al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʼah. [H 1872, 1872] Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.