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Manuscript/Mixed Material Kitāb al-fawāʼid fī maʻrifat ʻilm al-baḥr wa-al-qawāʻid Kitāb al-Fawāʼid fī uṣūl ʻilm al-baḥr wa-al-qawāʼid

About this Item

Title

  • Kitāb al-fawāʼid fī maʻrifat ʻilm al-baḥr wa-al-qawāʻid

Other Title

  • Kitāb al-Fawāʼid fī uṣūl ʻilm al-baḥr wa-al-qawāʼid

Summary

  • Ibn Majid was an expert on the navigation of the Indian Ocean and it is believed that Vasco da Gama consulted him with regard to the route to India. The text covers all aspects of the navigation of the Indian Ocean, including routes, harbors, and landfalls.
  • This work is a collection of eight treatises related to the science of seafaring and navigation by Ibn Mājid al-Julfārī al-Sa'dī, the most renowned Muslim navigator of the 15th century (9th century AH). It was originally assembled in 1490. The works are bound together in one large tome and include information about the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Sea, and other major bodies of water known to the author. The work meticulously lists and describes sea routes, harbors, and other points of interest to navigators. The first of the eight treatises provides a general introduction to seafaring and navigation. Two other noteworthy treatises in the collection deal with determining the qibla (direction of prayer) and hence other directions derived from it, and exploring the celestial sphere and zodiacal signs. World Digital Library.

Names

  • Aḥmad ibn Mājid al-Saʻdī, active 1462-1498
  • Nedjm eddin, Bey, scribe
  • Ferrand, Gabriel, 1864-1935 associated name
  • Malinjoud, J., Commandant, associated name
  • Minami Manshū Tetsudō Kabushiki Kaisha. Tōa Keizai Chōsakyoku, former owner

Created / Published

  • 7 Dhū al-Ḥijjah 1344 [18 June 1926].

Contents

  • Kitāb al-fawāʼid fī maʻrifat ʻilm al-baḥr wa-al-qawāʻid -- Ḥāwīyat al-ikhtiṣār fī uṣūl ʻilm al-biḥār -- al-Muʻarrabah -- Qiblat al-Islām -- Urjūzat barr al-ʻArab fī khalīj Fāris -- Urjūzah fī qismat al-jammah ʻalá anjum banāt al-naʻsh -- Urjūzat kanz al-maʻālimah -- Urjūzah fī al-natakhāt li-barr al-Hind wa-barr al-ʻArab min al-Jāh -- Mīmīyat al-abdāl -- Urjūzah mukhammasah -- Ḍarībat al-ḍarāʼib -- Qaṣīdah Makkīyah -- Nādirat al-abdāl -- Dhahabīyah -- al-Fāʼiqah -- al-Balīghah.

Headings

  • -  Manuscripts, Arabic--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Navigation--Early works to 1800

Notes

  • -  [Damascus?]
  • -  99 names of God on title page. Text of Kitāb al-fawāʼid ends on fol. 99b, followed by poems in Rajaz meter on navigation: Ḥāwīyat al-ikhtiṣār fī uṣūl ʻilm al-biḥār (fol. 100a-125a); al-Muʻarrabah (fol. 125a-129a); Qiblat al-Islām (fol. 129a-136b); Urjūzat barr al-ʻArab fī khalīj Fāris (fol. 136b-138b); Urjūzah fī qismat al-jammah ʻalá anjum banāt al-naʻsh (fol. 138b-143b); Urjūzat kanz al-maʻālimah (fol. 143b-145b); Urjūzah fī al-natakhāt li-barr al-Hind wa-barr al-ʻArab min al-Jāh (fol. 145b-151a); Mīmīyat al-abdāl (fol. 151a-152b); Urjūzah mukhammasah (fol. 152b-153a); Ḍarībat al-ḍarāʼib (fol. 154a-158a); Qaṣīdah Makkīyah (fol. 159b-163b); Nādirat al-abdāl (fol. 163b-164b); Dhahabīyah (fol. 164b-169a); al-Fāʼiqah (fol. 169a-170b); and al-Balīghah (fol. 170b-172a).
  • -  Binding: Cardboard covered with leather.
  • -  Colophon of book in hand (fol. 174b) states that transcription completed 7 Dhū al-Ḥijjah 1344 or (incorrectly) 29 June 1925; correct Western date is 18 June 1926.
  • -  Copied by Nedjm eddin Bey, professor at the l'Ecole Superieure d'Arabe in Damascus, on the instructions of Commandant Malinjoud, the director of l'Ecole Superieure d'Arabe, from a manuscript originally copied by Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad Yaḥyá al-Jamāl on 17 Rabīʻ al-Thānī 984 [14 July 1576] and donated by Muḥsin al-Murādī to al-Ẓahirīyah Library in Damascus.
  • -  Fol. 1a-174b.
  • -  Library of Congress. Arabic manuscript, SM-53.
  • -  Naskhī script; 23 lines in written area, 20 x 10 cm.
  • -  Note on flyleaf: Note. Ce ms a été copié par Nedjm eddin Bey, prof. à l'Ecole supérieure d'arabe de Damas sur les instructions du Ct̲ Malinjoud, Directeur de l'Ecole, à qui je dois cet exemplaire. Cette copie a été fait sur l'exemplaire de l'Academie Arabe de Damas qui est lui-même une copie. Le ms de Damas est assez vétuste; la reliure en veau sans rabat, est abrimeé. Acune ornement. Ecriture orientale lisible (voir les photos que je dois à l'inlassable obligeance du Ct̲ Malinjoud). Non paginé, papier épais, grossier, en bon état; certaines fuilles sont aussi épaisses que du carton. 204 x 60; 174 fuillets plus 2 fuillets de garde au commencement et 2 autres à la fin; 23 lignes à la page."
  • -  Ownership stamps of South Manchurian Railway Company, Far East Economic Office, on fol. 1a and fol. 2a.
  • -  Paper: yellowed cream, with watermarks, in good condition. Text is in black with some rubricated words. Catchwords on rectos. Includes other pages numbered 1-3, 172-3, 176, 241, 245, 341 and 346.
  • -  Photographs of 4 pages of the original text inserted, namely: title page pasted before fol. 1, last page (colophon of poems) inserted between fol 173 and 174; and 2 other pages, one (colophon of Fawāyid fī maʻrifat ʻilm al-baḥr wa-al-qawāʻid) between fol. 99 and 100, and the other between fol. 107 and 108.
  • -  Fihris al-makhṭūṭāt al-ʻArabīyah fi Maktabat al-Kūnghris, 41.
  • -  Tolmacheva, Marina. "An unknown manuscript of the Kitab al-Fawa'id," Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 114, no. 2 1994, p. 259-262.
  • -  Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress Web site.
  • -  Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website.
  • -  Arabic.
  • -  Incipit: الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على خير خلقه محمد وأله وصحبه وسلم. وبعد فإني رأيت العلوم في الدنيا اسما مفخرا وأجل مرتبة وأشرف منقبة لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم وتحريض سائر الأنبياء على طلب العلم حتى قيل ما من قبيح إلا والجهل به أقبح منه. . .

Medium

  • 174 leaves (23 lines), bound : paper ; 28 x 16 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • VK551 .A46 1926

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2008401696

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Aḥmad Ibn Mājid Al-SaʻDī, Active, Bey Nedjm Eddin, Gabriel Ferrand, J Malinjoud, and Former Owner Minami Manshū Tetsudō Kabushiki Kaisha. Tōa Keizai Chōsakyoku. Kitāb Al-Fawāʼid Fī Maʻrifat ʻilm Al-Baḥr Wa-Al-Qawāʻid. [7 Dhū al-Ḥijjah 18 June 1926, 1344] Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/2008401696/.

APA citation style:

Aḥmad Ibn Mājid Al-SaʻDī, A., Nedjm Eddin, B., Ferrand, G., Malinjoud, J. & Minami Manshū Tetsudō Kabushiki Kaisha. Tōa Keizai Chōsakyoku, F. O. (1344) Kitāb Al-Fawāʼid Fī Maʻrifat ʻilm Al-Baḥr Wa-Al-Qawāʻid. [7 Dhū al-Ḥijjah 18 June 1926] [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2008401696/.

MLA citation style:

Aḥmad Ibn Mājid Al-SaʻDī, Active, et al. Kitāb Al-Fawāʼid Fī Maʻrifat ʻilm Al-Baḥr Wa-Al-Qawāʻid. [7 Dhū al-Ḥijjah 18 June 1926, 1344] Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2008401696/>.