Manuscript/Mixed Material Kitāb al-jadwal fī al-ḥisāb al-sinīn al-ʻArabīyah wa-al-Rūmīyah / / كتاب الجدول في الحساب السنين العربية و الرومية /
About this Item
- Kitāb al-jadwal fī al-ḥisāb al-sinīn al-ʻArabīyah wa-al-Rūmīyah
- كتاب الجدول في الحساب السنين العربية و الرومية /
- The correct reckoning of time has been the object of study by many Arabic scientists. Its importance in Islam has to do with the proper calculation of the length of days, months, and years necessary for the performance of the five daily prayers and for the celebration of festivals at the correct hours, days, and months of the lunar year. This 19th-century copy of a work by Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Laṭīf Thābitī opens with some remarks on the signs of the zodiac, followed by a discussion of the 28 lunar mansions--the portions of the ecliptic passed by the moon in its orbit around the Earth. Although the difference between astrology and astronomy was already well known in ancient times, the presence of elements of these two fields side by side in the same work, as in this manuscript, was very common in Medieval treatises. The text explores the use of the solar and lunar systems to calculate the months of the Islamic calendar. It includes tables showing the correspondence of the Arabic and Christian years and examines discrepancies in dates. The text that surrounds these tables deals in detail with the movements of the sun and the moon and the times of dusk, dawn, and prayers, and it incorporates some poetical passages. The manuscript, from an unknown hand, is written in Naskhī script in black ink on the title page and in the text in black, red, and brown ink. The text is framed by a double red line and there are diacritical marks and marginal notes. The last pages of the manuscript include calculations in purple pencil in a modern hand. It previously was owned by a scholar active in the 1720s, Muḥammad ʻAlī ibn Ẓāhir Watarī, and later was in the collection of Shaykh Maḥmūd al-Imām al-Manṣūrī, professor of religion at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, which was purchased by the Library of Congress in 1945. World Digital Library.
- The text is a treatise on using the solar and lunar systems to calculate the months. It includes tables showing the correspondence of the Arabic and Christian years with a preface and it explains the positions and movement of the sun and the moon, and the discrepancies of the dates. Poem on fol. 14b and 15a.
- Thābitī, Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Laṭīf
- Manṣūrī, Maḥmūd al-Imām, former owner
- Watarī, Muḥammad ʻAlī ibn Ẓāhir, former owner
- Mansuri Collection (Library of Congress)
Created / Published
- - Calendar
- - Islamic calendar
- - Manuscripts, Arabic--Washington (D.C.)
- - [Syria?]
- - Binding: new modern cardboard covered with cloth; leather spine.
- - Fol. 1a-17a; fol. 13b-14a ruled but blank.
- - Library of Congress. Mansuri Collection, 5-786.
- - Ms.
- - Naskhī script; 19 lines in written area, 16 x 9 cm.
- - Paper: yellowed cream, with watermarks, in fairly good condition, but the edges of some leaves are stained. Black ink on title page; black, red, and brown ink in text. Text is framed by a double red line; diacritical marks; marginal notes. Calculations in purple pencil in modern hand on fol. 13b.
- - Signature of former owner Muḥammad ʻAlī ibn Ẓāhir al-Watarī on t.p.
- - Tables on fol. 3b-9a.
- - Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website.
- - Arabic.
- - Purchase of Mahmud al-Mansuri collection, 1945.
- - Incipit: بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم رب يسريا كريم قال الفقير محمد ابن عبد اللطيف الثابتي نسباً القريشي . . . .
- 17 leaves (19 lines), bound: paper ; 20 x 14 cm.
Call Number/Physical Location
- CE59 .T43 1800z
Library of Congress Control Number
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
- Mansuri Collection (Library of Congress)
- Manṣūrī, Maḥmūd Al-Imām
- Thābitī, Muḥammad Ibn ʻabd Al-Laṭīf
- Watarī, Muḥammad ʻalī Ibn Ẓāhir
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Thābitī, Muḥammad Ibn ʻAbd Al-Laṭīf, Maḥmūd Al-Imām Manṣūrī, Muḥammad ʻAlī Ibn Ẓāhir Watarī, and Mansuri Collection. Kitāb al-jadwal fī al-ḥisāb al-sinīn al-ʻArabīyah wa-al-Rūmīyah. [18---?, 1800] Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/2008427058/.
APA citation style:
Thābitī, M. I. ʻ. A., Manṣūrī, M. A., Watarī, M. ʻ. I. Ẓ. & Mansuri Collection. (1800) Kitāb al-jadwal fī al-ḥisāb al-sinīn al-ʻArabīyah wa-al-Rūmīyah. [18---?] [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2008427058/.
MLA citation style:
Thābitī, Muḥammad Ibn ʻAbd Al-Laṭīf, et al. Kitāb al-jadwal fī al-ḥisāb al-sinīn al-ʻArabīyah wa-al-Rūmīyah. [18---?, 1800] Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2008427058/>.