Photo, Print, Drawing Ultimatum on the Oregon question
About this Item
- Ultimatum on the Oregon question
- In his typically jingoist view of Polk's handling of the Oregon question, the artist Edward Williams Clay belittles the self-interested attitudes of Europe toward the dispute. The issue of whether to settle the northern boundary of American territory in Oregon at the 49th parallel or at the more expansive 54.40 parallel was in dispute even before Polk's election. Stung by British rejection of his administration's proposal of the 49th parallel, however, Polk publicly pursued the bolder claim in the early months of 1846. At the same time he considered providing Britain with tariff concessions, as an incentive to compromise. In Clay's cartoon Polk, urged on by the belligerent General Bunkum, faces English monarch Queen Victoria and Prince Albert across an ocean. In the distance, on "neutral Ground," Louis Philippe of France and Czar Nicholas I of Russia look on. Victoria (on her throne): "I've opened my Ports for the admission of your Corn, and I offer to settle the Oregon business by arbitration! What more can you expect? Beware how you rouse the British Lion!" Prince Albert, in a heavy German accent: "I dink so doo!" Nearby (far left) the Duke of Wellington struggles to rouse the British lion, who says, "Unloose my chains and fill my belly! Then I'll fight." Polk, to Victoria: "You opened your ports to keep you from starvation! I offered to settle the Oregon question at 49 [degrees] and you refused--I won't arbitrate--I go the whole figure to 54 42. which, if you'll agree to, I am willing to negotiate! General Bunkum, heavily armed and accompanied by a bald eagle: "I'm for war and the whole of Oregon, Kalifornia, Kanada, and Kuba; here's a bird that will cut your British lion's liver out, and eat it cold without sugar, by thunder!!!" On an island near Britain, Irish Repeal Movement leader Daniel O'Connell waves a "Repeal" club, threatening, "Give us repale, or the divil an Irishman will you get to join your ranks!" O'Connell also holds a bag of "rent," the term for American funds contributed in support of his movement. Czar Nicholas: "I shall have no objection to see John Bull get a good licking; It will help my Eastern views." Louis Philippe: "I got my fingers burnt by meddling in the Texas business, so I shall not interfere in this; especially as a war will bring grist to my mill!"
- Baillie, James S., active 1838-1855.
- Clay, Edward Williams, 1799-1857.
Created / Published
- N.Y. : Lith & pub. by James Baillie, 1846.
- - Albert,--Prince Consort, consort of Victoria, Queen of Great Britain,--1819-1861
- - Louis Philippe,--King of the French,--1773-1850
- - Nicholas--I,--Emperor of Russia,--1796-1855
- - Ireland--Politics and government--1837-1901
- - Bowery Theatre--1840-1850
- - Bunkum, Gen. (Fictitious character)--1840-1850
- - California--1840-1850
- - Canada--Foreign relations--United States--1840-1850
- - Cuba--1840-1850
- - France--1840-1850
- - Oregon--1840-1850
- - United States--Foreign relations--Canada--1840-1850
- Political cartoons--1840-1850.
- Political cartoons--1840-1850
- - Entered . . . 1846 by J. Baillie.
- - Lith & pub. by James Baillie 118 Nassau St. N.Y.
- - Signed with initials: E.W.C. (Edward Williams Clay).
- - The Library's impression was deposited for copyright on April 5, 1846.
- - Title appears as it is written on the item.
- - Davison, no. 194.
- - Weitenkampf, p. 86.
- - Forms part of: American cartoon print filing series (Library of Congress)
- - Published in: American political prints, 1766-1876 / Bernard F. Reilly. Boston : G.K. Hall, 1991, entry 1846-1.
- 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 28.4 x 40.2 cm. (image)
Call Number/Physical Location
- PC/US - 1846.C619, no. 37 (B size) [P&P]
- American cartoon print filing series (Library of Congress)
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
- cph 3a10363 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a10363
Library of Congress Control Number
- LC-USZ62-7722 (b&w film copy neg.)
- No known restrictions on publication.
Additional Metadata Formats
- Bowery Theatre
- Bunkum, Gen. (Fictitious Character)
- Emperor of Russia
- Foreign Relations
- King of the French
- Louis Philippe
- Political Cartoons
- Politics and Government
- Prince Consort, Consort of Victoria, Queen of Great Britain
- United States
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- Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-7722 (b&w film copy neg.)
- Call Number: PC/US - 1846.C619, no. 37 (B size) [P&P]
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Baillie, James S., Active, and Edward Williams Clay. Ultimatum on the Oregon question. Canada Cuba Oregon France United States California Ireland, 1846. N.Y.: Lith & pub. by James Baillie. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2008661460/.
APA citation style:
Baillie, J. S. & Clay, E. W. (1846) Ultimatum on the Oregon question. Canada Cuba Oregon France United States California Ireland, 1846. N.Y.: Lith & pub. by James Baillie. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2008661460/.
MLA citation style:
Baillie, James S., Active, and Edward Williams Clay. Ultimatum on the Oregon question. N.Y.: Lith & pub. by James Baillie. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2008661460/>.