Photo, Print, Drawing Effects of the Fugitive-Slave-Law

[ digital file from b&w film copy neg. ]

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[ digital file from color film copy transparency ]

About this Item

Title
Effects of the Fugitive-Slave-Law
Summary
An impassioned condemnation of the Fugitive Slave Act passed by Congress in September 1850, which increased federal and free-state responsibility for the recovery of fugitive slaves. The law provided for the appointment of federal commissioners empowered to issue warrants for the arrest of alleged fugitive slaves and to enlist the aid of posses and even civilian bystanders in their apprehension. The print shows a group of four black men--possibly freedmen--ambushed by a posse of six armed whites in a cornfield. One of the white men fires on them, while two of his companions reload their muskets. Two of the blacks have evidently been hit; one has fallen to the ground while the second staggers, clutching the back of his bleeding head. The two others react with horror. Below the picture are two texts, one from Deuteronomy: "Thou shalt not deliver unto the master his servant which has escaped from his master unto thee. He shall dwell with thee. Even among you in that place which he shall choose in one of thy gates where it liketh him best. Thou shalt not oppress him." The second text is from the Declaration of Independence: "We hold that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." The print is unusually well drawn and composed for a political print of the period. The handling of both the lithographic technique and the figures betray particular skill.
Contributor Names
Kaufmann, Theodor.
Hoff & Bloede.
Created / Published
New York : Publ. by Hoff & Bloede, 1850.
Subject Headings
-  United States.--Fugitive slave law (1850)
-  African Americans--1850
-  Slavery--1850
Headings
Lithographs--1850.
Political cartoons--1850.
Genre
Lithographs--1850
Political cartoons--1850
Notes
-  Caption label from exhibit "American Treasures Memory": The Fugitive Slave Law. In 1850, Congress passed this controversial law, which allowed slave-hunters to seize alleged fugitive slaves without due process of law and prohibited anyone from aiding escaped fugitives or obstructing their recovery. The law threatened the safety of all blacks, slave and free, and forced many Northerners to become more defiant in their support of fugitives.
-  Entered . . . 1850 by Hoff & Bloede.
-  Publ. by Hoff & Bloede New York 180 William Str. Corner of Spruce Str. New York.
-  Signed in reverse: Th. Kaufmann (Theodor Kaufmann?).
-  The Library's impression of the print was deposited for copyright on October 30, 1850.
-  Title appears as it is written on the item.
-  Weitenkampf, p. 101.
-  Reference copy in: LOT 4422-A.
-  Forms part of: American cartoon print filing series (Library of Congress)
-  Published in: American political prints, 1766-1876 / Bernard F. Reilly. Boston : G.K. Hall, 1991, entry 1850-5.
Medium
1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 33.3 x 44.3 cm. (image)
Call Number/Physical Location
PC/US - 1850.H698, no. 1 (B size) [P&P]
Source Collection
American cartoon print filing series (Library of Congress)
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Digital Id
cph 3a05114 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a05114
cph 3g04550 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3g04550
Library of Congress Control Number
2008661523
Reproduction Number
LC-USZ62-1286 (b&w film copy neg.) LC-USZC4-4550 (color film copy transparency)
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on publication.
Language
English
Online Format
image
Description
1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 33.3 x 44.3 cm. (image) | An impassioned condemnation of the Fugitive Slave Act passed by Congress in September 1850, which increased federal and free-state responsibility for the recovery of fugitive slaves. The law provided for the appointment of federal commissioners empowered to issue warrants for the arrest of alleged fugitive slaves and to enlist the aid of posses and even civilian bystanders in their apprehension. The print shows a group of four black men--possibly freedmen--ambushed by a posse of six armed whites in a cornfield. One of the white men fires on them, while two of his companions reload their muskets. Two of the blacks have evidently been hit; one has fallen to the ground while the second staggers, clutching the back of his bleeding head. The two others react with horror. Below the picture are two texts, one from Deuteronomy: "Thou shalt not deliver unto the master his servant which has escaped from his master unto thee. He shall dwell with thee. Even among you in that place which he shall choose in one of thy gates where it liketh him best. Thou shalt not oppress him." The second text is from the Declaration of Independence: "We hold that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." The print is unusually well drawn and composed for a political print of the period. The handling of both the lithographic technique and the figures betray particular skill.
LCCN Permalink
https://lccn.loc.gov/2008661523
Additional Metadata Formats
MARCXML Record
MODS Record
Dublin Core Record

Rights & Access

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  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.
  • Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-1286 (b&w film copy neg.) LC-USZC4-4550 (color film copy transparency)
  • Call Number: PC/US - 1850.H698, no. 1 (B size) [P&P]
  • Access Advisory: ---

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Kaufmann, Theodor, and Hoff & Bloede. Effects of the Fugitive-Slave-Law. , 1850. New York: Publ. by Hoff & Bloede. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2008661523/.

APA citation style:

Kaufmann, T. & Hoff & Bloede. (1850) Effects of the Fugitive-Slave-Law. , 1850. New York: Publ. by Hoff & Bloede. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2008661523/.

MLA citation style:

Kaufmann, Theodor, and Hoff & Bloede. Effects of the Fugitive-Slave-Law. New York: Publ. by Hoff & Bloede. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2008661523/>.

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