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Book/Printed Material Zheng zhi ben cao : shi si juan. 證治本草 : 十四卷 /

[ Preface/Table of Contents ]

More Resources

[ Juan 1 ]
[ Juan 2 ]
[ Juan 3 ]
[ Juan 4 ]
[ Juan 5 ]
[ Juan 6 ]

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[ Juan 7 ]
[ Juan 8 ]
[ Juan 9 ]
[ Juan 10 ]
[ Juan 11 ]
[ Juan 12 ]
[ Juan 13 ]
[ Juan 14 ]

About this Item


  • Zheng zhi ben cao : shi si juan.

Other Title

  • 證治本草 : 十四卷 /


  • Yuan Zisong, student of Chinese medicine, compiled, edited and commented on these medical texts.
  • Zheng zhi ben cao (Treatise on materia medica) was compiled by Lu Zhizhu, a native of Tongcheng, Anhui Province, and edited and printed by Ruan Zisong. According to the compiler's preface and a postscript in the work, Lu Zhizhu, although clever and versatile, was unsuccessful as a candidate for the imperial examinations. He gave up his previous studies, devoted himself to medicine, and became known for his deep knowledge and effective treatments. He eventually became a famed court physician. This work in 14 juan was compiled by Lu, based on the many medical works he consulted and studied. Arranged by category, the work discusses diseases, treatments, and prescriptions, and it describes the curative properties of plants, vegetables, fruits, grains, animals, insects, fish, metals, and stones. In one of the volumes, Lu expounded on the five inner organs (heart, liver, spleen, lungs, and kidneys) and the six excesses, the climatic external pathogenic factors believed to be the cause of diseases (wind, cold, summer heat, dampness, dryness, and fire). Also discussed are the main features of medicines and where and when to collect these medicinal materials. The work was first printed during the Jiajing reign (1522-66). This is a later edition printed during the Longqing reign (1567-72). The editor, Ruan Zisong, received the title of jin shi (doctoral degree) in the 35th year of the Jiangjing reign (1556), and later became an official at the Bureau of Justice. Lu's preface, Ruan's foreword, and the postscript by physician Qian Yuanshan all are dated 1571, the probable date of publication. World Digital Library.


  • Yuan, Zisong, jiao kan.
  • Qian, Yuanshan, hou xu.
  • Lu, Zhizhu, ji.
  • Chinese Rare Book Collection (Library of Congress).

Created / Published

  • [China : s.n.], Ming Longqing xin wei [5 nian, 1571]


  • -  Also available in digital form.
  • -  八冊二函. Eight volumes in two cases.
  • -  六行十五字. Six lines, with fifteen characters per line.
  • -  原題:「桐城一航老人陸之柷輯,白雲山人阮自嵩校刋。」之柷事蹟無考,其書亦不見著錄。據錢元善後序,僅知之柷曾官太醫也。自嵩嘉靖三十五年進士,序是書云:「陸君性穎敏,少習舉子業,試弗遂,嘆曰:昔文正公嘗自禱云:不為良相,願為良醫。乃究心歧黃,探索奧義。取効如神名動當時。」之柷自序云:「柷棄儒就醫,窮素難及張劉李朱之蘊,始知醫家之書,汗牛充棟,其可法者猶多舛錯。爰輯證治發揮傷寒論抄方脈摘要運氣直指,皆可以便初學。至於古方病證,分門列〓,不為不備,獨本章繁雜重複,未見有類述者。假如臨病據方,治之罔驗,欲求主治品物,增損用之,無可措手也。余屢懲斯失,遂搜集潔古東垣海藏丹溪聊攝用誠節齋諸子之編,如本草啟源珍珠囊湯液衍義發揮集要諸書,參互考訂,間亦竊附已意。詳略序次,分證類集,及萃群方,擇古之至人,今之明醫,以至愚之經驗單方,又綴之各藥條下。臨病一閱,凡草本菜果米穀禽獸蟲魚金石之能療厥疾者,與不可犯者,了然在目。凡十卷,為中部。又取本草首論素問靈樞諸子之說,及辨五臟六谣補瀉苦欲主客勝復之理,以彰本草〓象微之妙。凡一卷,為上部。又取藥性要旨,陰陽氣味,寒熱溫平升降浮沉,及產何地,採何時,異名同類,畏惡反殺良毒同類之義,以備因病製方考究之便。凡三卷,為下部。易十餘稿,歷九寒暑而書成,共十四卷。非敢紹諸大家之統,抑聊以便援拯者詳證點藥。按方投治,而取之不竭,無復散漫疎略之虞,未必無小補云爾。」卷內有「大雅堂藏書印。」阮自嵩(序)隆慶五年 (1571),自序隆慶五年 (1571),錢元善後序隆慶五年 (1571).
  • -  明隆慶間刻本. Ming woodblock print, 1571.


  • 8 v.

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2012402116

Online Format

  • image

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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Yuan, Zisong, Jiao Kan, Yuanshan Qian, Zhizhu Lu, and Chinese Rare Book Collection. Zheng Zhi Ben Cao: Shi Si Juan. [China: s.n., Ming Longqing xin wei 5 nian, 1571] Image.

APA citation style:

Yuan, Z., Qian, Y., Lu, Z. & Chinese Rare Book Collection. (1571) Zheng Zhi Ben Cao: Shi Si Juan. [China: s.n., Ming Longqing xin wei 5 nian] [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Yuan, Zisong, Jiao Kan, et al. Zheng Zhi Ben Cao: Shi Si Juan. [China: s.n., Ming Longqing xin wei 5 nian, 1571] Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.