Book/Printed Material Jiajing er shi wu nian Guizhou xiang shi lu : yi juan. 嘉靖二十五年貴州鄉試錄 : 一卷. / Guizhou xiang shi lu

[ Preface/Table of Contents ]

More Resources

[ Juan 1 ]

About this Item

Title

  • Jiajing er shi wu nian Guizhou xiang shi lu : yi juan.

Other Title

  • 嘉靖二十五年貴州鄉試錄 : 一卷.
  • Guizhou xiang shi lu

Summary

  • This is a collection of Guizhou provincial civil examination records dated the 25th year (1546) of the Jiajing reign (1522-66) of the Ming dynasty. The civil examination system in China began in the first half of the seventh century and continued with various modifications until its abolition in 1905 in the late Qing dynasty. Its purpose was to train and select qualified officials to form an efficient bureaucracy to administer the vast nation under the emperor. The system was designed to reward merit in any male candidate, rather than social or political connections or wealth. However, sons of gentry and wealthy merchants, the "elites," were disproportionately successful in passing the examinations and receiving appointments. In return, they supported and strengthened the imperial and social structure. Together with the imperial court, they also influenced the curriculum and the educational requirements for the civil examinations, which presented difficulties for the lower classes. The primary resources contained in these published civil examination records of the Ming and Qing dynasties shed light on the educational, cultural, social, and political aspects of the times. These records often contain a preface, examination topics, the names and ranks of the officials in different roles for the examination, such as examiners, supervisors, invigilators, collectors, copyists, proofreaders, and suppliers. The examinations were held at different levels, from local, prefectural, provincial, and metropolitan, to the highest palace palace level. The syllabus ranged from classical studies, such as Si shu (the Four Books), to economy, statecraft, literature and poetry, governance, national defense, history, law, military matters, natural studies, agriculture, and customs. In late imperial China, the examination system provided entry to official appointments. The two chief Guizhou examiners in 1546, both of whom were prefects during the Jiajing reign, were Mao Yi, a Confucian instructor from Meizhou, Sichuan Province, and Yu Shaofang, also an instructor from Lianjiang Xian, Fuzhou Fu, Fujian Province. Mao Yi wrote the preface; Yu Shaofang wrote the postscript. World Digital Library.

Names

  • Mao, Yiyu, xu.
  • Shao, Fang, hou xu.
  • Chinese Rare Book Collection (Library of Congress).

Created / Published

  • [China : s.n., Ming Jiajing 25 nian, 1546?]

Headings

  • -  Guizhou Sheng, (China)
  • -  貴州省 (China)

Notes

  • -  In case.
  • -  Also available in digital form.
  • -  明嘉靖間刻本. Ming Dynasty woodblock print, ca. 1546-1566.
  • -  行字不等. Number of lines and characters varies.
  • -  嘉靖二十五年貴州鄉試錄. Record of the National Examination in Guizhou Province in the year 1546; Mao Yiyu, Chief Examiner; postscript by Shao Fang.

Medium

  • 4 v.

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2012402153

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Mao, Yiyu, Xu, Fang Shao, and Chinese Rare Book Collection. Jiajing er shi wu nian Guizhou xiang shi lu: yi juan. [China: s.n., Ming Jiajing 25 nian, ?, 1546] Image. https://www.loc.gov/item/2012402153/.

APA citation style:

Mao, Y., Shao, F. & Chinese Rare Book Collection. (1546) Jiajing er shi wu nian Guizhou xiang shi lu: yi juan. [China: s.n., Ming Jiajing 25 nian, ?] [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2012402153/.

MLA citation style:

Mao, Yiyu, Xu, Fang Shao, and Chinese Rare Book Collection. Jiajing er shi wu nian Guizhou xiang shi lu: yi juan. [China: s.n., Ming Jiajing 25 nian, ?, 1546] Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2012402153/>.