Book/Printed Material Zhi fang wai ji : liu juan, juan shou yi juan 職方外紀 : 六卷, 卷首一卷 /

[ Preface/Table of Contents ]

More Resources

[ Juan 1 ]
[ Juan 2 ]
[ Juan 3 ]
[ Juan 4 ]
[ Juan 5 ]
[ Juan 6 ]

About this Item

Title

  • Zhi fang wai ji : liu juan, juan shou yi juan

Other Title

  • 職方外紀 : 六卷, 卷首一卷 /

Summary

  • The Zhifang waiji (Chronicle of foreign lands) is a concise geography of the world, the first of its kind written in Chinese. The Italian Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci produced a map of the world in Chinese in 1584. The map, which followed Western principles of cartography then unknown in China, underwent several revisions between 1584 and 1602. Ricci's fellow priests Diego de Pantoja and Sabatino de Ursis were instructed by imperial order to compose a book explaining the map. Pantoja died in 1618 and the work eventually was completed by Giulio Aleni. Yang Tingyun, a respected Chinese official and early convert to Christianity, polished the style of the book and helped to get it published, in 1623, in his own city of Hangzhou. The work divides the globe into five continents: Asia, Europe, Libya (Africa), America, and "Magellanica." The latter is an extensive tract of land said to extend from near the southern tip of South America to several degrees beyond the South Pole. World Digital Library.
  • This version differs from the one in the collection 'Si ku quan shu'; the summary states that it was written by Western scholar Giulio Aleni in the year 1623; the preface states that it was a supplement based on 'Wan guo tu zhi' written by Matteo Ricci; the book records many foreign customs and geographic features for the first time in China.

Names

  • Aleni, Giulio, 1582-1649, zeng yi.
  • Yang, Tingyun, 1562-1627, hui ji.
  • Li, Zhicao, xu.
  • Ye, Xianggao, 1559-1627, xu.
  • Ricci, Matteo, 1552-1610.
  • Chinese Rare Book Collection (Library of Congress).

Created / Published

  • Min [i.e. Fujian Sheng : publisher not identified], Ming Tianqi 3 nian [1623]

Notes

  • -  In case.
  • -  Also available in digital form.
  • -  九行十九字. Nine lines, with nineteen characters per line.
  • -  原題:「西海艾儒略增譯,東海楊廷筠彙記。」卷內有:「雲輪閣」,「荃孫」,「江陰??荃孫藏書印」等印記,即藝風堂藏書記卷內三所著錄。此閩中增補翻刻本,荃孫以為天啟三年原刻本,誤也;原本僅五卷。李之藻(序)天啟三年(1623),楊廷筠(序),葉向高(序),自序, 天啟三年(1623).
  • -  明閩刻本 左右雙欄 白口 單魚尾 版匡高20.5寬13.8公分.
  • -  明閩刻本. Ming Dynasty woodblock print from Fujian Province.
  • -  補:《四庫全書》收錄兩江總督採進五卷本,與此本分卷稍異。《提要》云:"明西洋人艾儒略撰,其書成於天啟癸亥(3年,1623)。 自序謂利氏齎進萬國圖志。龐氏奉命翻譯。儒略更增補以成之。蓋因利瑪竇、龐我迪舊本潤色之,不蓋儒略自作也。所紀皆絶域風土,為自古輿圖所不載,故曰職方外紀。其說分天下為五大州:一曰亞細亞州,其地西起那多理亞,離福島六十二度;東至亞尼俺峽,離福島一百八十度;南起爪哇,在赤道南十二度;北至冰海,在赤道北七十二度。二曰歐邏巴州,其地南起地中海,北極出地三十五度;北至冰海,北極出地八十餘度,徑一萬一千二百五十里;西起西海福島初度;東至阿比河,距福島九十二度,徑二萬三千里。三曰利未亞州,西南皆至利未亞海;東至西紅海;北至地中海。極南南極出地三十五度。極北北極出地三十五度。東西廣七十八度。四曰亞墨利嘉,地分南北,中通一峽。峽南之地,南起墨瓦蠟泥海峽,南極出地五十二度;北至加納達,北極出地十度半;西起福島二百八十六度;東至三百五十五度。峽北之地,南起加納達,南極出地十度半;北至冰海。其北極出地度數,則未之測量。西起福島一百八十度,東盡三百六十度。五曰墨瓦蠟尼加,則彼國與之初通,疆域道里,尚莫得詳焉。前冠以《萬國全圖》,後附以《四海總說》."

Medium

  • 2 volumes : maps

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2012402472

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Aleni, Giulio, Zeng Yi, Tingyun Yang, Zhicao LI, Xianggao Ye, Matteo Ricci, and Chinese Rare Book Collection. Zhi Fang Wai Ji: Liu Juan, Juan Shou Yi Juan. [Min i.e. Fujian Sheng: publisher not identified, Ming Tianqi 3 nian, 1623] Image. https://www.loc.gov/item/2012402472/.

APA citation style:

Aleni, G., Yang, T., LI, Z., Ye, X., Ricci, M. & Chinese Rare Book Collection. (1623) Zhi Fang Wai Ji: Liu Juan, Juan Shou Yi Juan. [Min i.e. Fujian Sheng: publisher not identified, Ming Tianqi 3 nian] [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2012402472/.

MLA citation style:

Aleni, Giulio, Zeng Yi, et al. Zhi Fang Wai Ji: Liu Juan, Juan Shou Yi Juan. [Min i.e. Fujian Sheng: publisher not identified, Ming Tianqi 3 nian, 1623] Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2012402472/>.