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Manuscript/Mixed Material Tārīkh-i Nādirī تاريخ نادري

About this Item


  • Tārīkh-i Nādirī

Other Title

  • تاريخ نادري


  • Manuscript is incomplete; text breaks off abruptly at second word of line 5, leaf 257a.
  • Tārīkh-i Nādirī (The history of Nadir) is a historical work that chronicles the political and military career of Nadir Shah, who was born in 1688 and rose to power in Iran during the 1720s; he became shah in 1736. (This work is also known as Jahāngushāy-i Nādirī in reference to the celebrated history of Genghis Khan, whom Nadir Shah admired.) Nadir Shah is known as a military warrior famous for his campaigns in Iran, Afghanistan, northern India, and Central Asia. He was assassinated by his officers in June 1747. The name of the author of this work, Muhammad Mahdi Munshi' ibn Muhammad Nasir (also seen as Mahdi Khan Astarabadi), appears on page four. Mahdi Khan was a court secretary, historian, and close confidante of Nadir Shah, whom he accompanied on many of his campaigns, so the work is an important historical source. The manuscript is organized chronologically and recounts about 100 military and political events. The preliminary pages contain a preface outlining the political developments in Iran and Qandahar (or Kandahar) that led to the Afghan invasion of Persia in 1722 and the emergence of Nadir Shah as a ruler who would confront and eventually defeat the Afghans and other enemies. The manuscript is incomplete, with the scribe having stopped mid-sentence after completing several lines from the penultimate section of the work, "On the end of the [Nadir Shah] and the manner of his murder...". Virtually all of this penultimate section (chronicling the cruel and bloody final years of Nadir's reign) and the final section (on the rule of ʻAli Quli Khan and Ibrahim Khan, nephews of Nadir, who each claimed the throne for a brief period after the assassination of their uncle) are therefore missing from the manuscript. The missing parts correspond roughly to six pages of text. In the manner typical of Persian court historiography, the author emphasizes throughout the restoration of order, the introduction of justice, and the defeat of the enemies of the state. Various poems and verses from the Qur'an appear throughout the text. The manuscript is written by a single hand in a uniform nastaliq, the calligraphic Persian script. All of the events recounted have a rubricated title. The first word of every other page is repeated as a "catchword" in the bottom margin of the previous page to ensure the proper order of the pages prior to binding, as was common practice in Persia and elsewhere. World Digital Library.


  • Mahdī Khān Astarābādī, active 1733-1759
  • Munro, Thomas, Sir, 1761-1827, former owner

Created / Published

  • [between 1760 and 1827]


  • -  Nādir Shāh,--Shah of Iran,--1688-1747
  • -  Manuscripts, Persian--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Iran--History--16th-18th centuries
  • -  Iran--Kings and rulers--Biography
  • -  India


  • -  Contemporary Indian evelope binding in dark red leather with gold medallions.
  • -  Folios 1b-257a.
  • -  Former owner's bookplate pasted inside front cover, "Thomas Munro, 23."
  • -  Library of Congress. Persian manuscript, 85/86.
  • -  Manuscript.
  • -  Nastaʻliq; 15 lines in written area 18.3 x 9.3 cm.
  • -  Paper: thin European paper with vertical chain lines and visible water-marks; text enclosed within double red line border; rubrication; catchwords on rectos.
  • -  Place of writing not recorded; probably copied in India.
  • -  Title from frontispiece.
  • -  Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website.
  • -  Persian


  • 257 leaves (15 lines) bound : paper ; 24 x 16 cm

Call Number/Physical Location

  • DS294 .M312 1700z

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2013415253

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The contents of the Library of Congress Persian Language Manuscript Project are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, African and Middle East Division, Near East Section Persian Manuscript Collection

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Mahdī Khān Astarābādī, Active, and Thomas Munro. Tārīkh-i Nādirī. [Between 1760 and 1827, 1760] Manuscript/Mixed Material.

APA citation style:

Mahdī Khān Astarābādī, A. & Munro, T. (1760) Tārīkh-i Nādirī. [Between 1760 and 1827] [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Mahdī Khān Astarābādī, Active, and Thomas Munro. Tārīkh-i Nādirī. [Between 1760 and 1827, 1760] Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.