Map A German illustration of "freedom of the seas" in war time : [Western Europe and western Mediterranean Sea].
About this Item
- A German illustration of "freedom of the seas" in war time : [Western Europe and western Mediterranean Sea].
- "Freedom of the seas was a highly contentious issue during World War I. Great Britain, which enjoyed maritime superiority over Germany, used its navy to block the shipment of military and industrial goods to Germany, including by way of ports in Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, and other neutral countries through which cargoes could be transshipped to Germany. Germany protested the British blockade and sought to position itself as a champion of freedom of the seas, in part to curry favor with the United States and other neutrals, who strongly objected to British actions against their ships. The Germans also retaliated, however, declaring, on February 4, 1915, that from February 18 onward they would treat the entire region around the British Isles as a war zone and "endeavor to destroy every enemy merchant ship that is found within this area of war." Citizens of neutral countries traveling on ships registered in Allied countries were placed in great danger by this order. This was seen most dramatically on May 7, 1915, when a German submarine torpedoed the British passenger liner Lusitania off the coast of Ireland, killing 1,198 people, 128 of whom were Americans. This map, cut from an unidentified U.S. or British newspaper of 1915, is intended as a sarcastic dismissal of Germany's claims to support freedom of the seas. It shows the 20-nautical-mile (37-kilometer) zones along the West European coastlines where German submarine mines were to be distributed and a large delimited sector of the seas around the British Isles where Allied shipping was subject to attack. It also shows a 60-nautical-mile (111-kilometer) wide lane in the western Mediterranean Sea where neutral shipping was assured safe passage. As the war progressed, Germany increasingly downplayed its commitment to freedom of the seas, as it turned to unrestricted submarine warfare to try to bring Britain and France to their knees. German submarine attacks on U.S. ships ultimately played a large role in bringing the United States into the war on the side of the Allies. The scale of the map is approximately 1:12 million." World Digital Library.
Created / Published
- [United States?] : [publisher not identified], [1915?]
- - Shipping--Europe, Western--Maps
- - Shipping--Mediterranean Sea--Maps
- - Submarine mines--Europe, Western--Maps
- - World War, 1914-1918--Naval operations--German--Europe, Western--Maps
- - Europe, Western--Maps
- - Europe, Western
- - Mediterranean Sea
- Military maps
- - Includes text in lower margin.
- - LC copy imperfect: Sheet trimmed, darkened, fold-lined, mounted on stiff-paper backing, verso obscured.
- - Map cut from unidentified newspaper page.
- - Relief shown by hachures.
- - Shows twenty-nautical-mile zones along Western European coastlines where German submarine mines will be distributed and an adjacent large delimited sector of the North Atlantic Ocean where Allied shipping will be prohibited; also shows a sixty-nautical-mile wide lane in the western Mediterranean Sea where neutral shipping will be allowed.
- - Text and illustration (both obscured) on verso.
- - Title from upper margin.
- - Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
- 1 map ; 39 x 30 cm
Call Number/Physical Location
- G5722.C6S65 1915 G4
- Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 USA dcu
Library of Congress Control Number
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
A German illustration of "freedom of the seas" in war time: Western Europe and western Mediterranean Sea. [United States?: publisher not identified, ?, 1915] Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/2014589397/.
APA citation style:
(1915) A German illustration of "freedom of the seas" in war time: Western Europe and western Mediterranean Sea. [United States?: publisher not identified, ?] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2014589397/.
MLA citation style:
A German illustration of "freedom of the seas" in war time: Western Europe and western Mediterranean Sea. [United States?: publisher not identified, ?, 1915] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2014589397/>.