Collection Photo, Print, Drawing Vidy ostrova Sakhalina. Виды острова Сахалина.

About this Item

Title

  • Vidy ostrova Sakhalina.

Other Title

  • Виды острова Сахалина.

Translated Title

  • Views of Sakhalin Island.

Summary

  • Sakhalin Island was used by imperial Russia as a penal colony and place of exile for criminals and political prisoners. Between 1869 and 1906, more than 30,000 inmates and exiles endured the difficult conditions of the forced-labor colony on the island. This collection, consisting of an album and individual photographs, is preserved in the Aleksandrovsk Municipal History and Literature Museum "A.P. Chekhov and Sakhalin" in Alekandrovsk-Sakhalinskiy, Sakhalin Island (off Russia's southeast coast). The photographs were taken on the island during the late 19th and early 20th centuries and provide rare glimpses of its settlements, prisons, and inhabitants. Most of the photographs in the collection were taken by Sakhalin artist Ivan Nikolaevich Krasnov, although some are unattributed. The collection depicts public life and institutions in the town of Aleksandrovsk Post, convicts working under harsh conditions or in chains, and political prisoners. The photographs also show the daily life both of the Nivkh people, indigenous to the northern part of the island, and the Russian settler population. The predecessor of the Aleksandrovsk Municipal History and Literature Museum "A.P. Chekhov and Sakhalin" appears in some of the photographs. The name of the museum refers to a trip taken to Sakhalin Island by the Russian writer and medical doctor Anton Chekhov in 1890, during which Chekhov researched the plight of island's prisoners and native populations. The publication of his Sakhalin Island in 1895 highlighted the depravity of the situation in this remote corner of Russia and led to public protests that helped bring about the closure of the penal colony. The collection was digitized for the Meeting of Frontiers digital library project in the early 2000s. World Digital Library.

Names

  • Krasnov, Ivan Nikolaevich , photographer.

Created / Published

  • Sakhalin, post Aleksandrovskiĭ : [publisher not identified], konet︠s︡ XIX-nachalo XX vv.

Headings

  • -  katorga
  • -  poselki
  • -  dorogi
  • -  ulit︠s︡y
  • -  zhil'e
  • -  arkhitektura
  • -  voennye
  • -  katorzhane
  • -  t︠s︡erkov'
  • -  religii︠a︡
  • -  byt
  • -  transport
  • -  aborigeny
  • -  Sakhalin
  • -  Cities and towns
  • -  Convict labor
  • -  Indigenous peoples
  • -  Political prisoners
  • -  Prisoners
  • -  Prisons
  • -  Russian Far East
  • -  Siberia
  • -  Russian Federation
  • -  Sakhalin Oblast
  • -  Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinskiy
  • -  каторга
  • -  поселки
  • -  дороги
  • -  улицы
  • -  жилье
  • -  архитектура
  • -  военные
  • -  каторжане
  • -  церковь
  • -  религия
  • -  быт
  • -  транспорт
  • -  аборигены
  • -  Сахалин

Notes

  • -  Original image at: Aleksandrovsk Municipal History and Literature Museum "A.P. Chekhov and Sakhalin"

Medium

  • 47 photographs : black and white ; 24 x 33 cm.

Source Collection

  • Ivan Nikolaevich Krasnov's Views of Sakhalin Island

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2018684021

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Krasnov, Ivan Nikolaevich, photographer. Vidy ostrova Sakhalina. Russian Federation Aleksandrovsk Sakhalin Oblast Sakhalinskiy, 1890. [Sakhalin, post Aleksandrovskiĭ: publisher not identified, konet︠s︡ XIX-nachalo XX vv] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2018684021/.

APA citation style:

Krasnov, I. N., photographer. (1890) Vidy ostrova Sakhalina. Russian Federation Aleksandrovsk Sakhalin Oblast Sakhalinskiy, 1890. [Sakhalin, post Aleksandrovskiĭ: publisher not identified, konet︠s︡ XIX-nachalo XX vv] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2018684021/.

MLA citation style:

Krasnov, Ivan Nikolaevich, photographer. Vidy ostrova Sakhalina. [Sakhalin, post Aleksandrovskiĭ: publisher not identified, konet︠s︡ XIX-nachalo XX vv] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2018684021/>.