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- William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters,
- Letters addressed chiefly to William Farquhar during his years as British Resident of Singapore from Malay kings and notables in Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, and Malaya. Reflects his role in the founding of modern Singapore and his relationships with Malay rulers instrumental to the success of the East India Company's enterprise in Singapore. Includes several letters between Malay notables and businessmen, Chinese among them, allowing a glimpse into the intercommunal connections that formed the larger context of the world in which Farquhar and Malay rulers operated. Of note is a letter from Siti Fatimah binti Jamaluddin Abdul Rahman, Sultanah of Pammana, written as a reigning female monarch of the Malay-speaking world of that era. Other correspondents include Hussein Muhammad Shah, Sultan of Singapore and Johor; Muhammad Kanzul Alam, Sultan of Brunei; Raja Jafar, Yang DiPertuan Muda of Riau; and Tun Ali, Datuk Bendahara Sewa Raja of Pahang.
- Farquhar, William, 1774-1839
- Southeast Asian Rare Book Collection (Library of Congress)
- - Hussein Muhammad Shah,--Sultan of Singapore and Johor--Correspondence
- - Muhammad Kanzul Alam,--Sultan of Brunei--Correspondence
- - Raja Jafar,--Yang DiPertuan Muda of Riau--Correspondence
- - Siti Fatimah binti Jamaluddin Abdul Rahman,--Sultanah of Pammana--Correspondence
- - Tun Ali,--Datuk Bendahara Sewa Raja of Pahang--Correspondence
- - East India Company
- - British--Malaya
- - British--Singapore
- - British--Southeast Asia
- - Colonial administrators--Southeast Asia--Correspondence
- - Colonial companies--Asia
- - Kings, queens, rulers, etc.--Correspondence
- - Sultans--Southeast Asia--Correspondence
- - Women heads of state--Southeast Asia--Correspondence
- - Great Britain--Commerce--Singapore
- - Great Britain--Foreign relations--Malaya
- - Great Britain--Foreign relations--Singapore
- - Great Britain--Colonies--Asia
- - Indonesia--History--1798-1942
- - Malacca (Malacca, Malaysia)--History
- - Malaya--Commerce
- - Malaya--Foreign relations--Great Britain
- - Malaya--History--1786-1867
- - Singapore--Commerce--Great Britain
- - Singapore--Foreign relations--Great Britain
- - Singapore--History--1819-1867
- - Singapore--Politics and government--1819-1867
- - Southeast Asia--History--19th century
- - Arranged primarily in chronological order.
- - Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Container number, William Farquhar Correspondence and other Malay Letters, Asian Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
- - William Farquhar Correspondence and other Malay Letters available on the Library of Congress Web site at https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.asian/asianscd.2019276520
- - In part, transliteration from Jawi into Romanized Malay and translation into English. Malaysia, Singapore, and the United Kingdom.
- - Transfer, Smithsonian Institution, 1866.
- - British Resident of Melaka (Malacca), from 1813 to 1818, and Resident of Singapore, 1819 to 1823.
- - Collection material in Malay (Jawi script) and English. Includes examples of original nineteenth-century Malay letter-writing.
- - Finding aid available at https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.asian/eadasian.ad020001
- 46 items.
- 16 containers.
- 8.3 linear feet.
- Library of Congress Asian Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA dcu https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.asian/asian.home
Library of Congress Control Number
- Open to research.
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
- 19th Century
- Colonial Administrators
- Colonial Companies
- Datuk Bendahara Sewa Raja of Pahang
- East India Company
- Foreign Relations
- Great Britain
- Hussein Muhammad Shah
- Kings, Queens, Rulers, Etc
- Malacca (Malacca, Malaysia)
- Muhammad Kanzul Alam
- Politics and Government
- Raja Jafar
- Siti Fatimah Binti Jamaluddin Abdul Rahman
- Southeast Asia
- Sultan of Brunei
- Sultan of Singapore and Johor
- Sultanah of Pammana
- Tun Ali
- Women Heads of State
- Yang Dipertuan Muda of Riau
- William Farquhar Correspondence and Other Malay Letters (1812 to 1832) at the Library of Congress
- Now Online: William Farquhar Correspondence and Other Malay Letters at the Library of Congress
- William Farquhar Correspondence and Other 19th Century Malay Letters Now Online at the Library of Congress
- Southeast Asian Rare Books and Manuscripts in the Asian Reading Room at the Library of Congress
Rights & Access
The contents of the Library of Congress William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters collection are in the public domain and are free to use and reuse.
Credit Line: Library of Congress, Asian Division.
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Farquhar, William, and Southeast Asian Rare Book Collection. William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/2019276520/.
APA citation style:
Farquhar, W. & Southeast Asian Rare Book Collection. William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2019276520/.
MLA citation style:
Farquhar, William, and Southeast Asian Rare Book Collection. William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2019276520/>.