Collection  |  Manuscript/Mixed Material William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters,

[ Item 1. Letter from Sultan Ahmad ibn Sultan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu to Major William Farquhar. Resident of Melaka. 19 Muharram 1234 (18 November 1818). ]

More Resources

[ Item 2. Letter from the Yang DiPertuan Muda of Pulau Penyengat to Major William Farquhar. Resident of Melaka. 5 Rabiulthani 1234 (1 February 1819). ]
[ Item 3. Letter from Paduka Dipati of Palembang to Major William Farquhar. Resident of Melaka. 7 Jamadilakhir 1234 (3 April 1819). ]
[ Item 4. Letter from Tengku Pengeran from Siak to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 11 Rejab 1234 (6 May 1819). ]
[ Item 5. Letter from Sultan Ahmad ibn Sultan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 29 Rejab 1234 (24 May 1819). ]
[ Item 6. Letter from Sultan Abdul Rahman ibn Sultan Zainal Abidin the Yang DiPertuan Muda as Acting Sultan of Terengganu to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 1 Zulhijjah 1234 (21 September 1819). ]
[ Item 7. Letter from the Acting Yang Dipertuan Muda of Riau to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 1234? (1819?). ]

Show more resources (39)

[ Item 7b. Copy of a letter from Paduka Dipati of Palembang to Major William Farquhar. Resident of Melaka. 7 Jamadilakhir 1234 (3 April 1819). ]
[ Item 8. Letter from the Syahbandar of Riau to Major William Farquhar. Resident of Melaka. 25 Zulkaedah 1233 (26 September 1818). ]
[ Item 9. Copy of a letter from the Yang Dipertuan Muda of Riau to Major William Farquhar. Resident of Melaka. 24 Zulkaedah 1233 (25 September 1818). ]
[ Item 10. Letter from the Raja Bendahara of Pahang to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 20 Syaaban 1234 (14 June 1819). ]
[ Item 11. Letter from the Acting Yang DiPertuan Muda of Riau to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. written at Kampung Senggarang. Riau. 10 Ramadan 1234 (3 July 1819). ]
[ Item 12. Letter from the Raja Bendahara of Johor and Pahang to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 1 Zulkaedah 1234 (22 August 1819). ]
[ Item 13. Letter from Tengku Besar from Kampar Pulau Daun to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 1235 (1819). ]
[ Item 14. Letter from Dato' Seri Pikrama Raja of Siak Indrapura to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 18 Muharram 1235 (6 November 1819). ]
[ Item 15. Letter from Sultan Abdul Rahman ibn Sultan Zainal Abidin the Yang DiPertuan Muda as Acting Sultan of Terengganu to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 27 Muharram 1235 (15 November 1819). ]
[ Item 16. Letter from Tuan Sayid Abdul Hamid Nak Cu Pa of Daripadi Kambuja to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. Written at Kuala Pantai Mas. 4 Jamalilakhir 1235 (19 March 1820). ]
[ Item 17. Letter from the Datuk Penghulu of Naning to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 7 Rabiulakhir 1235 (23 January 1820). ]
[ Item 18. Letter from the Bendahara of Johor and Pahang to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 10 Ramadan 1235 (22 June 1820). ]
[ Item 19. Letter from Engku Syed al-Sharif Muhammad Zain ibn almarhum al-Habib al-Syed Abdul Rahman al-Qudsi from Lingga to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 17 Ramadan 1235 (29 June 1820). ]
[ Item 20. Letter from Sultan Abdul Rahman ibn Sultan Zainal Abidin the Yang DiPertuan Muda of Terengganu to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 12 Muharram 1236 (16 October 1820). ]
[ Item 21. Letter from Sultan al-Syed al-Sharif Khaliluddin ibn al-Habib Sultan Jalil Saifuddin from Siak Sri Indrapura to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 4 Mawlid 1236 (10 December 1820). ]
[ Item 22. Letter from the Syahbandar of Riau to Colonal Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 3 Safar 1236 (10 November 1820). ]
[ Item 23. Letter from Engku Syed Muhammad Zain ibn almarhum al-Habib Abdul Rahman al-Qudsi of Riau to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 9 Jamadilawal 1236 (12 February 1821). ]
[ Item 24. Letter of the Tengku Pengeran of Siak to Colonel William Farquhar. 19 Jamadilakhir 1236 (23 March 1821). ]
[ Item 25. Letter from Sultan Syed al-Sharif Abdul Jalil almarhum Saifuddin the Yang DiPertuan Besar of Siak Indrapura to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 20 Jamadilakhir 1236 (24 March 1821). ]
[ Item 26. Letter from Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam ibn Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin al-marhum of Brunei to Colonel William Farquhar. 26 Rejab 1236 (29 April 1821). ]
[ Item 27. Letter from the Dato Bendahara of Pahang and Johor to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 24 Ramadan 1236 (24 June 1821). ]
[ Item 28. Letter from the Dato Syahbandar of Lingga to Baba Hock Kee of Singapore. 24 Syawal 1236 (24 July 1821). ]
[ Item 29. Letter from the Pengeran Dipati of Palembang to the Tuan Besar of Singapore. 13 Zulkaedah 1236 (11 August. 1821). ]
[ Item 30. Letter from the Dato Bendahara of Pahang to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 10 Zulhijjah 1236 (7 September 1821). ]
[ Item 31. Letter from the Pengeran of Siak Indrapura to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 5 Muharram 1237 (2 October 1821). ]
[ Item 32. Letter from the Pengeran of Siak Indrapura to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 10 Safar 1237 (6 November 1821). ]
[ Item 33. Letter from Tengku Long of Riau to Major William Farquhar. Resident of Melaka. Written at Pulau Penyengat. 17 Safar 1227 (2 March 1812). ]
[ Item 34. Letter from the Yang DiPertuan Muda of Riau to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 10 Rabiulawal (5 December 1821). ]
[ Item 35. Letter from Colonel William Farquhar Resident of Singapore to the Yang DiPertuan Muda of Riau. 25 Rabiulawal 1237 (20 December 1821). ]
[ Item 36. Letter from the Yang DiPertuan of Kelantan and Tengku Syed Abdul Rahman bin al-Habib Hussein Aidid to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 3 Syaaban 1237 (25 April 1822). ]
[ Item 37. Letter from Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam ibn Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin al-marhum of Brunei to Colonel William Farquhar. 6 Syaaban 1237 (28 April 1822). ]
[ Item 38. Letter from Pengiran Muda Muhammad Alam ibn Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam Sultan of Brunei to Tambi Muhammad ibn Arshad of Melaka. 27 Syaaban 1237 (19 May 1822). ]
[ Item 39. Letter from Sultan Ahmad ibn Sultan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 5 Syaaban 1237 (27 April 1822). ]
[ Item 40. Letter from Sultanah Siti Fatimah binti Jamaluddin Abdul Rahman of Pamanah to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 13 Zulkaedah 1237 (1 August 1822). ]
[ Item 41. Letter from Sultan Hussein Shah ibn Sultan Mahmud Shah to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. [date unknown]. ]
[ Item 42. Letter from the Bendahara of Pahang to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 10 Syaaban 1238 (22 April 1823). ]
[ Item 42 1/2. Letter from the Pengiran of Siak to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. 23 Rabiulakhir 1238 (7 January 1823). ]
[ Item 43. Letter from the Yang Di Pertuan Muda of Riau to Colonel William Farquhar. Resident of Singapore. Written at Penyengat. 8 Syawal 1238 (18 June 1823). ]
[ Item 44. Letter from the Dato Bendahara of Pahang to Syed Sharif Umar Jumad of Singapore. 6 Syawal 1247 (9 March 1832). ]

About this Item

Title
William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters,
Summary
Letters addressed chiefly to William Farquhar during his years as British Resident of Singapore from Malay kings and notables in Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, and Malaya. Reflects his role in the founding of modern Singapore and his relationships with Malay rulers instrumental to the success of the East India Company's enterprise in Singapore. Includes several letters between Malay notables and businessmen, Chinese among them, allowing a glimpse into the intercommunal connections that formed the larger context of the world in which Farquhar and Malay rulers operated. Of note is a letter from Siti Fatimah binti Jamaluddin Abdul Rahman, Sultanah of Pammana, written as a reigning female monarch of the Malay-speaking world of that era. Other correspondents include Hussein Muhammad Shah, Sultan of Singapore and Johor; Muhammad Kanzul Alam, Sultan of Brunei; Raja Jafar, Yang DiPertuan Muda of Riau; and Tun Ali, Datuk Bendahara Sewa Raja of Pahang.
Contributor Names
Farquhar, William, 1774-1839
Southeast Asian Rare Book Collection (Library of Congress)
Subject Headings
-  Hussein Muhammad Shah,--Sultan of Singapore and Johor--Correspondence
-  Muhammad Kanzul Alam,--Sultan of Brunei--Correspondence
-  Raja Jafar,--Yang DiPertuan Muda of Riau--Correspondence
-  Siti Fatimah binti Jamaluddin Abdul Rahman,--Sultanah of Pammana--Correspondence
-  Tun Ali,--Datuk Bendahara Sewa Raja of Pahang--Correspondence
-  East India Company
-  British--Malaya
-  British--Singapore
-  British--Southeast Asia
-  Colonial administrators--Southeast Asia--Correspondence
-  Colonial companies--Asia
-  Kings, queens, rulers, etc.--Correspondence
-  Sultans--Southeast Asia--Correspondence
-  Women heads of state--Southeast Asia--Correspondence
-  Great Britain--Commerce--Singapore
-  Great Britain--Foreign relations--Malaya
-  Great Britain--Foreign relations--Singapore
-  Great Britain--Colonies--Asia
-  Indonesia--History--1798-1942
-  Malacca (Malacca, Malaysia)--History
-  Malaya--Commerce
-  Malaya--Foreign relations--Great Britain
-  Malaya--History--1786-1867
-  Singapore--Commerce--Great Britain
-  Singapore--Foreign relations--Great Britain
-  Singapore--History--1819-1867
-  Singapore--Politics and government--1819-1867
-  Southeast Asia--History--19th century
Notes
-  Arranged primarily in chronological order.
-  Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Container number, William Farquhar Correspondence and other Malay Letters, Asian Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
-  William Farquhar Correspondence and other Malay Letters available on the Library of Congress Web site at https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.asian/asianscd.2019276520
-  In part, transliteration from Jawi into Romanized Malay and translation into English. Malaysia, Singapore, and the United Kingdom.
-  Transfer, Smithsonian Institution, 1866.
-  British Resident of Melaka (Malacca), from 1813 to 1818, and Resident of Singapore, 1819 to 1823.
-  Collection material in Malay (Jawi script) and English. Includes examples of original nineteenth-century Malay letter-writing.
-  Finding aid available at https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.asian/eadasian.ad020001
Medium
46 items.
16 containers.
8.3 linear feet.
Repository
Library of Congress Asian Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA dcu https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.asian/asian.home
Digital Id
https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.asian/asianscd.2019276520
https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.asian/collasian.ad000003
https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.asian/eadasian.ad020001
https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.asian/eadasian.ad020001.3
Library of Congress Control Number
2019276520
Access Advisory
Open to research.
Online Format
image
pdf
web page
LCCN Permalink
https://lccn.loc.gov/2019276520
Additional Metadata Formats
MARCXML Record
MODS Record
Dublin Core Record
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Manifest (JSON/LD)

Rights & Access

The contents of the Library of Congress William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters collection are in the public domain and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Asian Division.

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Farquhar, William, and Southeast Asian Rare Book Collection. William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/2019276520/.

APA citation style:

Farquhar, W. & Southeast Asian Rare Book Collection. William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2019276520/.

MLA citation style:

Farquhar, William, and Southeast Asian Rare Book Collection. William Farquhar correspondence and other Malay letters. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2019276520/>.

More Collections like this