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About this Item


  • al-Fatihah


  • Aliriza

Created / Published

  • 1241/1825


  • -  Calligraphy, Arabic
  • -  Calligraphy, Persian
  • -  Manuscripts, Arabic--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Iran
  • -  Arabic script calligraphy
  • -  Illuminated Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Islamic calligraphy
  • -  Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Naskh


  • -  An example of a "Fatihah" which introduces the Qur'an by praising God.
  • -  'Aliriza may be the 19th-century Persian calligrapher 'Aliriza b. Hajji Muhammad Ja'far, who executed a calligraphic work dated 1258/1842 now held in the National Library of Iran (Bayani 1358/1939, vol. 4, entry 315). 'Aliriza's work shows a revival of interest in the naskh script during the modern period and appears indebted to the calligraphy of his predecessor, the famous 18th-century Persian calligrapher Ahmad Nayrizi. The latter was the last great calligrapher of Iran who mastered the naskh script at a time when preference was given to the ta'liq and nasta'liq scripts. This signed Fatihah constitutes an example of a 19th-century signed and dated Persian calligraphic panel executed in naskh.
  • -  Dimensions of Written Surface: 12.4 (w) x 18.9 (h) cm
  • -  This calligraphic panel includes the bismillah at the top, followed by the Qur'an's first surah entitled al-Fatihah (The Opening). The Fatihah introduces the Qur'an by praising God and asking for his guidance to the right path. On the last line, the Fatihah panel is signed by a certain 'Aliriza and dated 1241/1825 ( Selim 1979, 145). The entire specimen is calligraphed in dark brown naskh (cursive) script on a beige paper, which is framed by a series of alternating gold and dark blue frames and pasted on a thick cardboard backing.
  • -  Script: naskh
  • -  1-86-154.136


  • 1 volume ; 23.5 (w) x 36 (w) cm


  • Library of Congress African and Middle Eastern Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2019714478

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The contents of the Library of Congress Selections of Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Calligraphy are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, African and Middle East Division, Near East Section Persian Manuscript Collection

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Aliriza. al-Fatihah. /1825, 1825. Manuscript/Mixed Material.

APA citation style:

Aliriza. (1825) al-Fatihah. /1825. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Aliriza. al-Fatihah. /1825, 1825. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.