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About this Item


  • Id blessings


  • Muhammad) 'Ali

Created / Published

  • 1142/1729-30


  • -  Calligraphy, Arabic
  • -  Manuscripts, Arabic--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Iran
  • -  Arabic script calligraphy
  • -  Illuminated Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Islamic calligraphy
  • -  Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Naskh


  • -  Arabic blessings to a ruler on the occasion of 'id, written in Arabic by Persian calligrapher Muhammad 'Ali in the Naskh script.
  • -  Dimensions of Written Surface: 14.9 (w) x 22 (h) cm
  • -  In the lower left corner, the calligrapher (Muhammad) 'Ali has signed his work and dated it 1142/1729-30. It appears that the original calligrapher's name, which included the name 'Ali, was erased purposefully. It is possible, therefore, that the date constitutes a later corrective as well.
  • -  Nevertheless, text panels such as this one, providing various Arabic-language prayers in naskh script, were made by the famous naskh-revival Persian calligraphers Mirza Ahmad Nayrizi (d. 1152/1739) and his followers. For this reason, it is seems most likely that this piece was executed by a Persian calligrapher active during the 18th century.
  • -  This calligraphic fragment provides Arabic blessings to a ruler on the occasion of 'id. A number of the patron's epithets and titles are included in the text, which is executed in black naskh script on a beige paper. The words are fully vocalized in black and are framed by cloud bands on a gold background. The text panel is framed by a border decorated with red, blue, and green flower and vine motifs and is pasted to a larger salmon-orange colored piece of paper backed by cardboard.
  • -  Script: naskh
  • -  1-04-713.19.32


  • 1 volume ; 18.8 (w) x 29.5 (h) cm


  • Library of Congress African and Middle Eastern Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2019714536

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The contents of the Library of Congress Selections of Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Calligraphy are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, African and Middle East Division, Near East Section Persian Manuscript Collection

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Muhammad) 'Ali. Id Blessings. /1729-30, 1729. Manuscript/Mixed Material.

APA citation style:

Muhammad) 'Ali. (1729) Id Blessings. /1729-30. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Muhammad) 'Ali. Id Blessings. /1729-30, 1729. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.