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About this Item

Title

  • Qur'anic verses

Created / Published

  • 10th century

Headings

  • -  Calligraphy, Arabic
  • -  Manuscripts, Arabic--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Iraq
  • -  Arabian Peninsula
  • -  Arabic script calligraphy
  • -  Illuminated Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Islamic calligraphy
  • -  Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Kufi
  • -  Qur'anic verses

Notes

  • -  Qur'anic verses from chapters 69, 70, 76, and 77 of the Qur'an, written in Kufi (New Syle III) script during the 10th century.
  • -  Dimensions of Written Surface: 6 (w) x 8 (h) cm
  • -  The folio on the left includes the terminal verses (46-52) of the 69th chapter of the Qur'an entitled al-Haqqah (The Truth), as well as the illuminated heading of the 70th chapter entitled al-Ma'arij (The Ways of Ascent). The 70th surah continues with verses 1-5 on the verso of this fragment (see 1-87-154.82a V, left). The left folio is most closely associated with a bifolio from the same Qur'an in the collections of the Library of Congress, which contains verses 1-19 of Surah al-Haqqah (1-84-154.28b R & V). It appears that these folios were drawn from a manuscript (1417) formerly in the Chester Beatty Library (see A.J. Arberry, "A Koran in 'Persian' Kufic," Oriental College Magazine [May and August 1964]: 9-16).
  • -  The folio on the right includes the terminal verses (30-31) of the 76th chapter of the Qur'an entitled al-Insan (Man) and the illuminated heading and first three verses of the 77th chapter of the Qur'an entitled al-Mursalat (Those Sent Out). The verso of the right folio includes immediately preceding verses (25-30) of the 76th chapter (see 1-87-154.82a V, right).
  • -  The text is written in Kufi (New Syle III). Red dots indicate vocalization, while vowel signs and orthoepics (pronunciation marks) were added in black ink at a later date. One dot below the letter ra (r) serves to differentiate it from the zayn (z). The script, vocalization marks, and vertical format show some of the advances in Kufi calligraphy and Qur'an production during the 10th century (see (Déroche 1992: 144-145, cat. no. 79).
  • -  This calligraphic fragment includes two folios with verses from chapters 69, 70, 76, and 77 of the Qur'an.
  • -  Verse markers consist of gold flowers, while ayah markers indicating every fifth verse are shaped like gold droplets or plain gold disks. Two juz' (section) markers appear in the margins and are shaped like flowers provided with gold petals and an inscribed center. Both chapter headings (al-Mursalat on the right and al-Ma'arij on the left) are executed in gold ink. They provide each surah's title and its number of verses, and end in ornate gold marginal palmettes slightly lost on the edges due to cropping.
  • -  Script: Kufi
  • -  1-87-154.82a

Medium

  • 1 volume ; 9.2 (w) x 12.1 (h) cm

Repository

  • Library of Congress African and Middle Eastern Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2019714640

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The contents of the Library of Congress Selections of Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Calligraphy are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, African and Middle East Division, Near East Section Persian Manuscript Collection

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Qur'anic Verses. 10th Century. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/2019714640/.

APA citation style:

Qur'anic Verses. 10th Century. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2019714640/.

MLA citation style:

Qur'anic Verses. 10th Century. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2019714640/>.