Top of page

About this Item


  • Qur'anic verses

Created / Published

  • 13th century


  • -  Calligraphy, Arabic
  • -  Manuscripts, Arabic--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Iraq
  • -  Syria
  • -  Arabic script calligraphy
  • -  Illuminated Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Islamic calligraphy
  • -  Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Qur'anic verses
  • -  Thuluth


  • -  Qur'anic verses 34-40 of the 79th chapter of the Qur'an, entitled al-Nazi'at (Those Who Tear Out), written in Thuluth script during the 13th century.
  • -  Dimensions of Written Surface: 19 (h) x 12.6 (w) cm
  • -  Surat al-Nazi'at is a Meccan surah containing 46 verses, whose penultimate lines appear on this fragment. These verses are concerned primarily with eschatological themes such as Heaven and Hell, as well as the signs that herald the hour (al-sa'at) of God's Judgment.
  • -  The script (thuluth) executed in gold and outlined in black, the text layout (five lines/page), the verse markers, and the marginal medallions all bear resemblance to a Qur'an made in the Jazirah region (Upper Mesopotamia) during the 13th century now held in the Khalili Collection in London (James 1992a: 44-49, cat. no. 7).
  • -  This calligraphic fragment contains verses 34-40 of the 79th chapter of the Qur'an entitled al-Nazi'at (Those Who Tear Out). The text continues with the surah's last verses (42-46) and the chapter heading of the 80th chapter ('Abasah) on the fragment's verso (1-84-154.15d V). This fragment belongs to a series of three folios cut out from the same manuscript now in the Library of Congress: these provide a number of verses from chapters 78 and 79 of the Qur'an (see 1-84-154.15a R & V and 1-84.154.15b R & V).
  • -  This fragment is written in thuluth script with gold outlined in black ink. The text is fully vocalized in gold with sukuns (silence marks) in blue ink probably added at a later date. The verse (ayah) markers consist of eight-petalled gold rosettes. The marker between verses 36 and 37 visually stands out as its shape differs from the other verse markers. It is pear-like, outlined in blue ink, and contains a central tri-lobed motif executed in gold. All around the folio appear truncated inscriptions in black ink on a piece of paper that seems to have been utilized to strengthen this particular fragment.
  • -  Script: thuluth
  • -  1-84-154.15d


  • 1 volume ; 19.3 (h) x 12.6 (w) cm


  • Library of Congress African and Middle Eastern Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2019714645

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The contents of the Library of Congress Selections of Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Calligraphy are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, African and Middle East Division, Near East Section Persian Manuscript Collection

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Qur'anic Verses. 13th Century. Manuscript/Mixed Material.

APA citation style:

Qur'anic Verses. 13th Century. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Qur'anic Verses. 13th Century. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.