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About this Item

Title

  • Qur'anic Verses

Created / Published

  • 12th century

Headings

  • -  Calligraphy, Arabic
  • -  Manuscripts, Arabic--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Iraq
  • -  Arabic calligraphy
  • -  Arabic script calligraphy
  • -  Illuminated Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Islamic calligraphy
  • -  Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Kufi

Notes

  • -  Qur'anic verses 61-77 of the 25th chapter of the Qur'an entitled Surat al-Furqan (The Criterion), written in the Kufi script, New Style, during 12th cent.
  • -  Dimensions of Written Surface: 12 (w) x 16.7 (h) cm
  • -  The chapter heading of Surat al-Shu'ara' appears at the top of the recto's left folio. It is executed in gold ink and specifies that the surah contains 227 verses. In the left margin, a gold finial outlined in light blue protrudes as an extension of the chapter title. Verse markers in the main text consist of three concentric circles painted in gold with a central dot in black ink, while marginal scalloped medallions painted in gold mark off every tenth verse. Diacritics in the text appear as red dots, while the duplication of consonants (tashdid) are executed in light blue ink.
  • -  The text is executed in Kufi script on a beige sheet of paper rather than on parchment. The script is related to New Style I typical of Qur'ans produced on paper during the 12th century (Déroche 1992, 181, cat. no. 98).
  • -  This calligraphic fragment includes verses 61-77 of the 25th chapter of the Qur'an entitled Surat al-Furqan (The Criterion) and the chapter heading and first 24 verses of the 26th chapter of the Qur'an entitled Surat al-Shu'ara' (The Poets). Surat al-Furqan develops a contrast between Light and Darkness as a symbolic differentiation between knowledge and ignorance, whereas Surat al-Shu'ara' describes the conflict between disbelief and truth, particularly through the story of Moses' confrontation with Pharaoh (26:1-69).
  • -  Script: Kufi
  • -  AL-4

Medium

  • 1 volume ; 15.2 (w) x 19 (h) cm

Repository

  • Library of Congress African and Middle Eastern Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2019714714

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The contents of the Library of Congress Selections of Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Calligraphy are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, African and Middle East Division, Near East Section Persian Manuscript Collection

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Qur'anic Verses. 12th Century. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/2019714714/.

APA citation style:

Qur'anic Verses. 12th Century. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2019714714/.

MLA citation style:

Qur'anic Verses. 12th Century. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2019714714/>.