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Book/Printed Material Flowers of Abu Ma'shar. Flores Albumasaris

About this Item


  • Flowers of Abu Ma'shar.

Other Title

  • Flores Albumasaris


  • Ja'far ibn Muḥammad al-Balkhī (787--886), known as Abū Ma'shar, lived in Baghdad in the 9th century. Originally an Islamic scholar of the Hadith (the prophetic traditions of Muhammad) and a contemporary of the famous philosopher al-Kindī, Abu Ma'shar developed an interest in astrology at the relatively late age of 47. He became the most important and prolific writer on astrology in the Middle Ages. His discourses incorporated and expanded upon the studies of earlier scholars of Islamic, Persian, Greek, and Mesopotamian origin. His works were translated into Latin in the 12th century and, through their wide circulation in manuscript form, had a great influence on Western scholars. This book is the first edition of Abū Ma'shar's Kitāb taḥāwīl sinī al-'ālam (also known as the Kitāb al-nukat) as rendered into Latin by the 12th century translator Johannes Hispalensis (John of Seville). The text concerns the nature of a year (or month or day), as determined by the horoscope, and was intended as a practical manual for the instruction and training of astrologers. Included in the book are numerous illustrations of the planets and constellations. The printing is by Erhard Ratdolt, a famous early printer from Augsburg, Germany who, with two compatriots, established a printing partnership in Venice in 1475.


  • Abū Ma'shar, 787-886 Author.
  • Joannes, Hispalensis, flourished 1120-1153 Translator.

Created / Published

  • Augsburg, Germany : Erhard Ratdolt, 1488.


  • -  Iraq--Baghdad--Baghdad
  • -  835 to 1488


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Known as Flores astrologiae."--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 20 leaves (the last blank); woodcuts: illustrated; 20 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
  • -  Content in Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666124

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Abū Ma'Shar, 787-886 Author, and Hispalensis Joannes. Flowers of Abu Ma'shar. Augsburg, Germany: Erhard Ratdolt, 1488. Pdf.

APA citation style:

Abū Ma'Shar, 7. A. & Joannes, H. (1488) Flowers of Abu Ma'shar. Augsburg, Germany: Erhard Ratdolt. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Abū Ma'Shar, 787-886 Author, and Hispalensis Joannes. Flowers of Abu Ma'shar. Augsburg, Germany: Erhard Ratdolt, 1488. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.