Book/Printed Material Yongle Encyclopedia.
About this Item
- Yongle Encyclopedia.
- The Yongle Encyclopedia is a large-scale encyclopedia--the largest in pre-modern China--arranged by subject categories traditionally used in China. The entire work is comprised of 22,877 juan (sections) of text proper and a prolegomenon and index in 60 juan, all bound in 11,095 volumes, amounting to about 370 million characters in all. The encyclopedia preserved textual information from about 8,000 texts of all kinds, from pre-Qin times to the early Ming dynasty, covering the works of famous specialists in such areas as astronomy, geography, human affairs, famous objects, yin-yang philosophy, Buddhism and Daoism, crafts, and so forth. In addition to being large in scale and broad in scope, the Yongle Encyclopedia was neatly transcribed and finely illustrated, making it a true treasure among manuscripts. The work itself dropped into oblivion with the fall of the Ming. Many copies met unfortunate fates in the Ming and Qing dynasties, and parts of the encyclopedia were scattered about the world. Only some 400 volumes are extant, distributed among more than 30 collections in eight countries or territories. The National Library of China owns 221 volumes, over half the volumes in the world, making it the largest holder of any institution.
- Xie, Jin, 1369-1415 Editor.
Created / Published
- Nanjing : Zhu Di (Chengzu, the Yongle Emperor), [1403 to 1408].
- - China--Jiangsu Province--Nanjing
- - 220 B.C. to 1370
- - Ming Chengzu, Emperor of China, 1360-1424
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - Original resource extent: One volume, 50 x 30 centimeters.
- - Original resource at: National Library of China.
- - Content in Chinese.
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
- Chinese Books, Manuscripts, Maps, and Prints
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Rights & Access
The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners
The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.
Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
More about Copyright and other Restrictions
For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.
For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Xie, Jin, Editor. Yongle Encyclopedia. [Nanjing: Zhu Di Chengzu, the Yongle Emperor, to 1408, 1403] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021666132/.
APA citation style:
Xie, J. (1403) Yongle Encyclopedia. [Nanjing: Zhu Di Chengzu, the Yongle Emperor, to 1408] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021666132/.
MLA citation style:
Xie, Jin, Editor. Yongle Encyclopedia. [Nanjing: Zhu Di Chengzu, the Yongle Emperor, to 1408, 1403] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021666132/>.