Book/Printed Material Lyric Poems of Hāfiz.

About this Item

Title

  • Lyric Poems of Hāfiz.

Summary

  • Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī (known as Hāfiz; circa 1320--90) is considered by many to be the greatest lyric poet of Persia (present-day Iran) and one of the most remarkable Eastern poets. Born to a poor family in Shiraz, where he lived most of his life, Hāfiz enjoyed the patronage of Shah Shujah for many years and in his last years that of Timur (Tamerlane). This work presents ghazals (lyric poems) of Hāfiz. As in all Sufi poetry, the ghazals are layered with meanings, from the most basic to the most esoteric. Scholars have puzzled over whether his work should be taken literally or metaphorically. Some have seen the poems as similar to Petrarch's sonnets to pure and ideal love, while others regard them as ecstatic celebrations of the divine. The elaborate and cerebral language sometimes enables both interpretations simultaneously. Hāfiz wrote in Farsi and the linguistic complexity of his poetry explains why there have been few Western translations. The edition from 1901 shown here, produced by the publishing house of the Turkestan Military District of Tashkent (present-day Uzbekistan), is an example of officially sponsored publishing in Eastern languages in the Russian Empire.

Contributor Names

  • Ḥāfiẓ, 14th century Author.

Created / Published

  • Tashkent : Turkestan Military District Headquarters Printing House, 1901.

Subject Headings

  • -  Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • -  1300 to 1399
  • -  Persian poetry
  • -  Poetry
  • -  Sufi poetry

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 163 pages.
  • -  Original resource at: National Academic Library of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana.
  • -  Content in Persian.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666148

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Ḥāfiẓ, 14Th Century Author. Lyric Poems of Hāfiz. Tashkent: Turkestan Military District Headquarters Printing House, 1901. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021666148/.

APA citation style:

Ḥāfiẓ, 1. C. A. (1901) Lyric Poems of Hāfiz. Tashkent: Turkestan Military District Headquarters Printing House. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021666148/.

MLA citation style:

Ḥāfiẓ, 14Th Century Author. Lyric Poems of Hāfiz. Tashkent: Turkestan Military District Headquarters Printing House, 1901. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021666148/>.