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Book/Printed Material The Breath of Perfume.

About this Item


  • The Breath of Perfume.


  • Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Maqqari (circa 1578--1632) was an Arab historian who wrote one of the oldest histories of Muslim Spain. He was born in Tlemcen, in present-day Algeria, and at times lived and worked in Morocco and in Egypt. His most important work, Nafḥ aṭ-ṭīb (The breath of perfume), consists of two parts. The first is a compilation from many authors on Andalusia and its history, including descriptions of the main Andalusian cities and the lifestyles of their peoples. The second part is a biography of the famous writer, historian, and politician from Arab Spain, Ibn al-Khatib (1313--74). A grand minister and a poet whose lyrics are sung by Arab singers to the present day, al-Khatib wrote more than 60 books.


  • Maqqarī, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad, died 1631 or 2 Author.

Created / Published

  • Leyde : E.J. Brill, 1855.


  • -  Spain
  • -  Spain--Andalucía
  • -  711 to 1632
  • -  Arabs -- Spain
  • -  Biography
  • -  Ibn al-Khaṭīb, died 1374
  • -  Manners and customs


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Includes indexes. Title in some places is given as: The Breath of Perfume from the Branch of Green Andalusia and Memorials of its Vizier Lisan ud-Din ibn ul-Khattib."--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: Volumes 1-2.
  • -  Original resource at: Bibliotheca Alexandrina.
  • -  Content in Arabic.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666177

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Maqqarī, Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad, Died 1631 Or 2 Author. The Breath of Perfume. Leyde: E.J. Brill, 1855. Pdf.

APA citation style:

Maqqarī, A. I. M. (1855) The Breath of Perfume. Leyde: E.J. Brill. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Maqqarī, Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad, Died 1631 Or 2 Author. The Breath of Perfume. Leyde: E.J. Brill, 1855. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.