Top of page

Book/Printed Material Treatise on Holy War.

About this Item


  • Treatise on Holy War.


  • The first Persian printing press in Iran was established in 1816 in Tabriz, and the first book published by the press was Jihādīyyah (Treatise on holy war), written by Abu al-Qasim ibn 'Isá Qa'im'maqam Farahani (circa 1779--1835), the prime minister of Persia at that time. During the reign of King Fath Ali Shah (1772--1834, reigned 1797--1834), while the Qajar government was absorbed with managing domestic turmoil, rival European colonial powers sought to establish themselves in the region. The British competed for influence in the south and southeast of Persia in the Persian Gulf, while in the north the Russian Empire, in the Russo-Persian War of 1804--13, established dominance over Persia's northern territories. The first Persian book was published in response to these events. It covers all the fatwas (decrees) that the religious leaders had issued about the necessity of performing jihad (holy war) against the Russians who had invaded Iranian territory during the reign of Fath Ali Shah.


  • Qāʼimʹmaqām, Abū al-Qāsim ibn ʻĪsá, circa 1779-1835 Author.

Created / Published

  • Tabriz : Mohammad-Ali Ashtyani, 1817.


  • -  Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • -  1817
  • -  Fatwas
  • -  Islamic law
  • -  Jihad
  • -  Qājār, Fatḥ ʻAlī Shāh, Shah of Iran, died 1834
  • -  Russo-Persian War, 1804-1813


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 86 pages : 208 x 152 millimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library and Archives of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
  • -  Content in Persian.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666216

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

QāʼImʹMaqām, Abū Al-Qāsim Ibn ʻĪsá, Circa Author. Treatise on Holy War. Tabriz: Mohammad-Ali Ashtyani, 1817. Pdf.

APA citation style:

QāʼImʹMaqām, A. A. I. ʻ. (1817) Treatise on Holy War. Tabriz: Mohammad-Ali Ashtyani. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

QāʼImʹMaqām, Abū Al-Qāsim Ibn ʻĪsá, Circa Author. Treatise on Holy War. Tabriz: Mohammad-Ali Ashtyani, 1817. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.