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Book/Printed Material The History of Modern France.

About this Item


  • The History of Modern France.


  • Tarikh Faransa al-Hadith (The history of modern France) is a biography of Napoleon Bonaparte rather than, as suggested by the title, a general history of France. The author states that "France is the closest country to us in the Orient commercially and linguistically. We have chosen this topic as serviceable history, that is, the fundamental art upon which public policies, action, and planning are based." The book is more than 1,000 pages long. Introductory chapters briefly cover geography and history to the 1770s, as well as the French Revolution, leading to the detailed biography. The length and precise detail of the narrative suggest that the work is a translation, but there is no indication of an original, nor are there any notes to help with identification. A comment on the title page mentions that "one hundred pages were compiled by Khattar al-Dahdah," a Maronite contemporary. The author, Salīm al-Bustānī (1846-84), was the son of the famous scholar and teacher Buṭrus al-Bustānī. He is best known as his father's alter-ego at the periodical al-Jinan (Gardens), published in Beirut from 1870. The Bustānīs, father and son, are but one example of several leading Lebanese modernist families of the 19th century. Other prominent writers and publishers were the Taqlā brothers, founders of al-Ahram (The pyramids) newspaper, and the Naqqāsh brothers, Mārūn and Niqūlā, who were essayists and playwrights. The book contains numerous engraved or woodcut illustrations derived from French paintings or other originals.


  • Bustānī, Salīm, 1846-1884 Author.
  • Dahdah, Khattar, died 1922 Contributor.

Created / Published

  • Beirut : al-Ma'arif Press, 1884.


  • -  France
  • -  1500 to 1821
  • -  Biography
  • -  Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1040 pages ; 23 centimeters.
  • -  Reference extracted from World Digital Library: Philippe de Tarrazi, Tarikh al-Sihafah al-'Arabiyah (History of the Arab Press). (Baghdad: al-Muthanna, 1967).
  • -  Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
  • -  Content in Arabic.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666244

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Bustānī, Salīm, Author, and Khattar Dahdah. The History of Modern France. Beirut: al-Ma'arif Press, 1884. Pdf.

APA citation style:

Bustānī, S. & Dahdah, K. (1884) The History of Modern France. Beirut: al-Ma'arif Press. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Bustānī, Salīm, Author, and Khattar Dahdah. The History of Modern France. Beirut: al-Ma'arif Press, 1884. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.