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  • Lamp of Kings.


  • Sirāj al-mulūk (Lamp of kings) is by Muḥammad ibn al-Walīd al-Ṭurṭūshī, a Maliki imam also known as Ibn Abū Zandaqa. Al-Ṭarṭūshī was born in Tortosa in Catalonia (in what was then al-Andalus, present-day Spain) in 1059 or 1060. He died in Alexandria, Egypt in 1126 or 1127. The topic of the Sirāj al-mulūk, his most famous work, is political theory. The present edition was published in 1888-89 by Maṭbaʻat al-khayrīyah in Cairo. According to Kitāb iktifā' al-qanūʻ bimā huwa matbuʻ min ashhar al-ta'ālīf al-arabīya fī al-maṭābiʻ al-sharqīya wa al-gharbīya (Contentment of the seeker regarding the most famous Arabic compositions printed by Eastern and Western printing presses), a bibliographic dictionary of Arabic literature published by Edward Van Dyck in 1896, an earlier print edition of this work was made in Alexandria in 1872 or 1873. Included in the margins of this work is the text of al-Tibr al-mabsuk fī naṣā'iḥ al-mulūk (The golden ingot of advice for kings), a translation from Persian into Arabic of al-Ghazzālī's Naṣīhat al-mulūk (Advice for kings). Born in Ṭūs, Persia (present-day Iran), in 1058, al-Ghazzālī was one of the foremost intellectual luminaries of the Islamic world. However, the authorship of a fair amount of the Naṣīhat al-mulūk has been called into question on stylistic and other grounds.


  • Ghazzālī, 1058-1111 Contributor.
  • Ṭurṭūshī, Muḥammad ibn al-Walīd 1059 or 1060-1126 or 1127 Author.

Created / Published

  • Cairo : Maṭbaʻat al-khayrīyah, [1888 to 1889]


  • -  Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • -  Spain
  • -  Egypt
  • -  1050 to 1127
  • -  Kings and rulers
  • -  Politics and government


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 168 pages ; 28 centimeters.
  • -  Reference extracted from World Digital Library: Nasrollah Pourjavady, "Gazali, Abu Hamed Mohammad, iv. Minor Persian Works," in Encyclopaedia Iranica. External
  • -  Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
  • -  Content in Arabic.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666271

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Ghazzālī, Contributor, and Muḥammad Ibn Al-Walīd 1059 Or Or 1127 Author Ṭurṭūshī. Lamp of Kings. [Cairo: Maṭbaʻat al-khayrīyah, to 1889, 1888] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Ghazzālī, C. & Ṭurṭūshī, M. I. A. 1. O. O. 1. A. (1888) Lamp of Kings. [Cairo: Maṭbaʻat al-khayrīyah, to 1889] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Ghazzālī, Contributor, and Muḥammad Ibn Al-Walīd 1059 Or Or 1127 Author Ṭurṭūshī. Lamp of Kings. [Cairo: Maṭbaʻat al-khayrīyah, to 1889, 1888] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.