Book/Printed Material The First Part of "Conquest of Syria," with the Marginal Commentary of "The Eye-pleasing Treasure on Egypt's Rulers and Sultans".

[ Volume 1 ]

More Resources

[ Volume 2 ]

About this Item

Title

  • The First Part of "Conquest of Syria," with the Marginal Commentary of "The Eye-pleasing Treasure on Egypt's Rulers and Sultans".

Summary

  • Muhammad ibn ʻUmar al-Waqidi (747 or 748--823) was one of the earliest historians of Islam. He was born in Medina, in present-day Saudi Arabia, and later moved to Baghdad, where he was appointed a judge by Abbasid caliphs Harun al-Rashid and his son al-Ma'mun. Al-Waqidi is best known for his histories of early Muslim conquests, and for his detailed and well-organized accounts. The two-volume book presented here contains the first part of Futūḥ al-shām (The conquest of Syria), commonly ascribed to al-Waqidi. The main text is accompanied in the margins by a separate treatise, Tuḥfat al-nāẓirīn fī man waliya misr min al-wulāt wa al-salāṭīn (The eye-pleasing treasure on Egypt's rulers and sultans), by 'Abd Allah al-Sharqawi (circa 1737--circa 1813), who was the imam of al-Azhar during the French campaign in Egypt. In the main text, al-Waqidi recounts in 32 entries the events that surrounded the conquest of Syria during the rule of the first two Muslim caliphs, Abu Bakr (reigned 632--34) and 'Umar (634--44). The entries begin with Abu Bakr's request to the kings of Yemen to join the Syria campaign. Other entries include such major events as the Battle of Yarmuk (636) and the surrender of Jerusalem to 'Umar. The entries end with the surrender of Antioch to the caliphate in 637. The marginal treatise by al-Sharqawi is a concise history of the rulers of Egypt, beginning with the Muslim conquest in 641. The treatise is organized as an introduction on the "virtues of Egypt" followed by three chapters. The first chapter covers the Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid and Ikhshidid eras; the second the Fatimids, the Ayyubids, and the Mamluks; and the third the Ottoman Turks. The marginal treatise ends with the reign of al-Ashraf Khalil, the eighth Mamluk sultan (reigned 1290--93), which suggests that the publisher might have planned to publish more of both works. The book was published in Cairo by al-Meligiyah Press in 1912.

Names

  • Sharqāwī, ʻAbd Allāh ibn Ḥijāzī, 1737 or 1738-1812 or 1813 Author.
  • Wāqidī, Muḥammad ibn ʻUmar, 747 or 748-823 Author.

Created / Published

  • Cairo : al-Meligiyah Press, 1912.

Headings

  • -  Egypt
  • -  Israel--Jerusalem
  • -  Syrian Arab Republic
  • -  Turkey--Hatay--Antakya
  • -  1912
  • -  Abū Bakr, Caliph, died 634
  • -  History
  • -  Islamic Empire
  • -  Kings and rulers
  • -  ʻUmar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb, Caliph, died 644

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 2 volumes (180, 172 folios) ; 28 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
  • -  Content in Arabic.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666306

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Sharqāwī, ʻAbd Allāh Ibn Ḥijāzī, 1737 Or Or 1813 Author, and Muḥammad Ibn ʻUmar Wāqidī. The First Part of "Conquest of Syria," with the Marginal Commentary of "The Eye-pleasing Treasure on Egypt's Rulers and Sultans". Cairo: al-Meligiyah Press, 1912. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021666306/.

APA citation style:

Sharqāwī, ʻ. A. I. Ḥ. & Wāqidī, M. I. ʻ. (1912) The First Part of "Conquest of Syria," with the Marginal Commentary of "The Eye-pleasing Treasure on Egypt's Rulers and Sultans". Cairo: al-Meligiyah Press. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021666306/.

MLA citation style:

Sharqāwī, ʻAbd Allāh Ibn Ḥijāzī, 1737 Or Or 1813 Author, and Muḥammad Ibn ʻUmar Wāqidī. The First Part of "Conquest of Syria," with the Marginal Commentary of "The Eye-pleasing Treasure on Egypt's Rulers and Sultans". Cairo: al-Meligiyah Press, 1912. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021666306/>.