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Book/Printed Material Jin cheng ying lun 進呈鷹論

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About this Item


  • Jin cheng ying lun

Other Title

  • 進呈鷹論

Translated Title

  • Treatise on Hawks.


  • Jin cheng ying lun (Treatise on hawks) is by Li Leisi (Ludovico Buglio, 1606--82), an Italian Jesuit missionary to China, mathematician, and theologian, who first preached in Sichuan (where he was the first Christian missionary), and in Fujian and Jiangxi provinces. He was taken prisoner by Zhang Xianzhong, leader of a band of freebooters, and brought to Beijing in 1648 by Haoge, a member of the imperial family, after Zhang Xianzhong's death. Set free and allowed to resume his ministry, Buglio built a church called Dongtang (Eastern Church). He collaborated with the Flemish Jesuit Nan Huairen (Ferdinand Verbiest, 1623--88) in reforming the Chinese calendar. Buglio translated into Chinese more than 80 volumes, chiefly works on theology, language, astronomy, and mathematics. Among his translations are two booklets that were the first writings to introduce Western biology to China: Shi zi shuo (On lions) and this work on hawks. When a Portuguese diplomat seeking improved trade relations with China presented Emperor Kangxi (1654--1722) with the gift of a lion, an animal not native to China, Buglio produced his booklet on lions, which was published in Beijing. The emperor was greatly pleased with the work. The Manchus liked to breed hawks for hunting, and the emperor was interested to know how hawks were bred in the West. By imperial order, Buglio compiled this booklet on hawks, describing in detail various kinds of hawks, both domestic and foreign, their shapes, dispositions, feeding, and methods of breeding and training. The end of the book contained a special section on sparrow hawks. The entire work is in 55 sections. It was included in volume 12 of Gu jin tu shu ji cheng (Compendium of ancient and present books) under its original title, in the section on hawks, in the category of natural sciences. This edition, from the Qianlong era (1736--1820), is incomplete, with only 33 leaves, consisting of leaves 1--29 on hawks and the first section on sparrow hawks, which deals with how to train sparrow hawks to catch birds. Buglio died in Beijing on October 7, 1682, and was given a state funeral. His booklets on lions and hawks were not his own writings; both were translations of works by the 16th-century Italian naturalist, Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522--1605).


  • Aldrovandi, Ulisse, 1522-1605 Author.
  • Buglio, Ludovico, 1606-1682 Translator.

Created / Published

  • [Place of publication not identified] : [Publisher not identified], [1736 to 1795]


  • -  China
  • -  1736 to 1795
  • -  Biology
  • -  Eagles
  • -  Hawks


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Incomplete manuscript copy"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 juan in 1 volume.
  • -  Original resource at: National Central Library.
  • -  Content in Chinese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
  • -  Title revised per Asian Division.--cc28 2023-01-06


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Chinese Books, Manuscripts, Maps, and Prints

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666339

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Aldrovandi, Ulisse, Author, and Ludovico Buglio. Jin Cheng Ying Lun. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, to 1795, 1736] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Aldrovandi, U. & Buglio, L. (1736) Jin Cheng Ying Lun. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, to 1795] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Aldrovandi, Ulisse, Author, and Ludovico Buglio. Jin Cheng Ying Lun. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, to 1795, 1736] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.