Top of page

Book/Printed Material Shi shan yi an 石山醫案

[ Volume 1 ]

More Resources

[ Volume 2 ]

About this Item


  • Shi shan yi an

Other Title

  • 石山醫案

Translated Title

  • The Shishan Medical Records


  • This work, in three juan with a supplement and in three volumes, was written by Wang Ji (1463--1539), famed physician and member of a Ming dynasty medical family, and originally published in 1520. The manuscript was put together by his disciple, Chen Jiao. This edition was printed by Chen Jiao in the tenth year of the Jiajing reign (1531). The preface was written by Cheng Zeng and is also dated 1531. Included are two portraits of the author, inscriptions by Li Fan, Cheng Wenjie, and Chen Jiao, and the author's recommendation. Wang Ji (style name Shi shan ju shi), a native of Qimen, Huizhou, Anhui Province, studied Confucian teachings in his early years and, after unsuccessful civil examinations, devoted himself to medicine. He was the author of 13 works, among them this collection of his cases. Wang Ji basically followed the teachings of the famed Yuan dynasty physician Zhu Zhenheng (circa 1281--1358), as is known from one of his other books, Tui qiu shi yi (Ascertain the master's meanings). Ancient Chinese medical cases record the process and result of treatments. Such medical records could be found as early as in the Western Han (206 BC--8 AD), the earliest being a collection of 25 cases of Chun Yuyi (205--150 BC). Such records could be brief or lengthy. Each record contained the name, sex, age, social status, shape of the body, cause of the disease, symptoms, diagnoses, prescription, prognosis, and so forth. These records also reflect the physician--patient relationships. Early medical cases were issued mostly as appendices to other works. From the mid- and late-Ming dynasty, physicians began to publish them as individual works, thus creating a new form of medical writing to be examined, referenced, and used for education. These works have since become valuable historical sources. This work records not only clinical experience; it also provides information on various diseases, especially those suffered by the male population, such as syphilis, which was seen as a health crisis in the region south of the Yangtze River, where flourishing trade and commerce helped to spread the disease.


  • Chen, Jiao Compiler
  • Wang, Ji, 1463-1539 Author

Created / Published

  • Qimen, Anhui Province : Chen Jiao, [1531 to 1531]


  • -  China
  • -  1531 to 1531
  • -  Medicine, Chinese


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 3 juan in 3 volumes.
  • -  Original resource at: National Central Library.
  • -  Content in Chinese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
  • -  Title revised per Asian Division.--cc28 2023-01-06


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Chinese Books, Manuscripts, Maps, and Prints

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666348

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Chen, Jiao Compiler, and Ji Wang. Shi Shan Yi an. [Qimen, Anhui Province: Chen Jiao, to, 1531] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Chen, J. C. & Wang, J. (1531) Shi Shan Yi an. [Qimen, Anhui Province: Chen Jiao, to] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Chen, Jiao Compiler, and Ji Wang. Shi Shan Yi an. [Qimen, Anhui Province: Chen Jiao, to, 1531] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.