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Book/Printed Material Shang han yao zhi yi juan : Yao fang yi juan 傷寒要旨一卷 : 藥方一卷

About this Item


  • Shang han yao zhi yi juan : Yao fang yi juan

Other Title

  • 傷寒要旨一卷 : 藥方一卷

Translated Title

  • Essentials for Cold Damage Disorders and Prescriptions, in Two Juan


  • Li Cheng, style name Yuji, a physician during the Southern Song dynasty, was a native of Gushu (in present-day Anhui Province). Although he served as a secretary in the cabinet, Li was mainly known for his medical knowledge. He rearranged the work of the Han dynasty physician Zhang Zhongjing (active 168-96), entitled Shang han za bing lun (Treatise on cold pathogens and miscellaneous diseases). Zhang's work was later organized by Jin and Song dynasty physicians into two books, one of them with the title of Shang han lun (On cold damage). Li Cheng's compilation differs in listing first the prescriptions, then the classified categories. He named his work Shang han yao zhi (Essentials for cold damage diseases and prescriptions). Li Cheng's other works were Shang han zhi fa cuo yao (Summaries of treatments of cold damage disorders) and Xiao er bao sheng fang (Prescriptions for infant care), but neither of them has survived. This work, Shang han yao zhi yao fang (Essentials for cold damage disorders and prescriptions), in two juan, was printed in the seventh year of Qiandao of the Southern Song (1171). Juan one contains prescriptions drawn from a Northern Song edition of Shang han lun, issued by the Bureau for Revision of Medical Classics, from which Li selected and recorded more than 100 prescriptions. Juan two contains the essentials for treating cold disorders, with 172 entries selected from the Shang han lun. Also included are ten entries of "do's and don'ts." The work is of great practical use, and with the simple text of the Northern Song edition, it provides a significant resource for the study of the development and dissemination of Shang han lun and of its revised editions. Just a year prior to the printing of this work, another great work, Hong shi ji yan fang (Hong's collection of effective prescriptions), was published and was in the private collection of Huang Pilie (1763-1825). This copy of Li Cheng's work was owned by the bibliophile Pan Zongzhou (1867-1939) in his private library called Baolitang. In 1950 the descendants of Pan donated the book to the National Library of China.


  • Li, Cheng, active 12th century Editor
  • Zhang, Zhongjing, active 168-196 Author

Created / Published

  • Gushu : [Publisher not identified], 1171.


  • -  China--Anhui Province--Dangtu
  • -  168 to 1171
  • -  Cold
  • -  Diseases
  • -  Medicine, Chinese
  • -  Prescriptions


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: Stitched binding ; 17.8 x 14.0 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of China.
  • -  Content in Chinese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
  • -  Title revised per Asian Division.--cc28 2023-01-06


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Chinese Books, Manuscripts, Maps, and Prints

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666432

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Li, Cheng, Active 12Th Century Editor, and Zhongjing Zhang. Shang han yao zhi yi juan: Yao fang yi juan. [Gushu: Publisher not identified, 1171] Pdf.

APA citation style:

LI, C. & Zhang, Z. (1171) Shang han yao zhi yi juan: Yao fang yi juan. [Gushu: Publisher not identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Li, Cheng, Active 12Th Century Editor, and Zhongjing Zhang. Shang han yao zhi yi juan: Yao fang yi juan. [Gushu: Publisher not identified, 1171] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.