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Book/Printed Material Zheng zuo wei tie 争座位帖

About this Item


  • Zheng zuo wei tie

Other Title

  • 争座位帖

Translated Title

  • Letter on the Controversy over Seating Protocol


  • Zheng zuo wei tie (Letter on the controversy over seating protocol), also referred to as Lun zuo tie (Letter on the seating), and Yu Guo pu ye shu (Letter to Vice Director Guo), was composed and handwritten by Yan Zhenqing in the running script style. It is a manuscript of Yan Zhenqing's letter to Guo Yingyi, Prince of Dingxiang. Yan Zhenqing (709-85) was a renowned calligrapher and high official of the Tang dynasty. The letter addresses the issue of seating protocol for various civilian and military officials at court banquets. As it happens, Guo, in order to curry favor with the eunuch official Yu Chao'en, had twice placed him at the head table. This letter is representative of Yan Zhenqing's calligraphy in running script, but the original no longer exists. During the Song dynasty, An Shiwen created a stele reproducing the letter on stone in Xi'an, Shaanxi, which is now in the Forest of Stone Steles Museum in Xi'an. Presented here is a Song dynasty rubbing, originally in the collection of Liang Qichao (1873-1929), the late-Qing scholar and reformer. After it was bound in accordion format, he wrote the title. It also has impressions of his seals. Among them are Deyu, Baomizhai, Yinbingshi, Borong, Yunqingguan, and Haishan Xianguan. It has inscriptions by Cheng Yaotian, Liang Qichao, Weng Fanggang, and others.


  • Yan, Zhenqing, 709-785 Author

Created / Published

  • [Place of publication not identified] : [Publisher not identified], [960 to 1279]


  • -  China--Shaanxi Province--Xi'an
  • -  764
  • -  Chinese literature
  • -  Dinners and dining
  • -  Etiquette--China
  • -  Manners and customs
  • -  Stele (Archaeology)


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 14 pages ; 31 x 15 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of China.
  • -  Content in Chinese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
  • -  Title revised per Asian Division.--cc28 2023-01-06


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666489

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Yan, Zhenqing, 709-785 Author. Zheng Zuo Wei Tie. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, 960 to, 0960] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Yan, Z. (0960) Zheng Zuo Wei Tie. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, 960 to] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Yan, Zhenqing, 709-785 Author. Zheng Zuo Wei Tie. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, 960 to, 0960] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.