Book/Printed Material Three Books on the Soul. Libri tres de anima

About this Item

Three Books on the Soul.
Other Title
Libri tres de anima
Muhammad ibn Ahmed ibn Rushd (also known by the Latinized version of his name, Averroes, 1126--98) was a Muslim jurist, physician, and philosopher from Cordoba, Spain, best known in the West for reintroducing Aristotle to Europe and in the East for his medical works. He studied theology, law, and medicine, and wrote important works in all of these fields. He served as the religious judge of Seville in 1169--72 and as the chief judge of Cordoba in 1172--82. In 1169, Ibn Rushd began writing a series of commentaries on Aristotle, whose works he probably read in Arabic and Syriac translations from the original Greek. Over a period of nearly three decades, he produced commentaries on nearly all of Aristotle's writings. His method was to produce short, medium, and long commentaries on the same work, aimed at readers with different levels of understanding. Largely forgotten in the Latin West since the sixth century, Aristotle underwent a revival in the 12th and 13th centuries, when his works were translated into Latin and studied by Christian and Jewish philosophers and theologians such as Thomas Aquinas (1225--74) and Maimonides (1135--1204). From then until the 17th century, European scholars read Aristotle in editions that included commentaries by Ibn Rushd and a school of thought known as Averroism flourished in leading universities. Presented here is a 1521 edition of Ibn Rushd's commentary on De Anima (On the soul) published in Pavia, Italy. Also included is Theiser (Facilitation of treatment) by Seville physician Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik Ibn Zuhr (also called Avenzoar, 1090--1162) and a commentary on Averroes (Ibn Rushd) by Marco Antonio Zimara (1460--1523), an Italian Aristotelian who edited the works of Aristotle, Averroes, and other philosophers.
Contributor Names
Averröes, 1126-1198 Author.
Ibn Zuhr, ʻAbd al-Malik ibn Abī al-ʻAlāʾ, died 1162 Author.
Zimara, Marco Antonio, 1460-1523 Author.
Created / Published
Pavia, Italy : Jacob Paucidrapii d Burgofranco, 1521.
Subject Headings
-  Greece
-  Italy
-  Spain
-  1000 to 1499
-  Aristotle
-  Averröes, 1126-1198
-  Philosophy, Ancient
-  Soul
-  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
-  "The De anima is followed by commentary on Aristotle's Parva naturalia."--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
-  Original resource extent: 80 pages ; 29 centimeters.
-  Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
-  Content in Latin.
-  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
1 online resource.
Source Collection
Arabic and Islamic Science and Its Influence on the Western Scientific Tradition: Medicine
Digital Id
Library of Congress Control Number
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Averröes, Author, ʻAbd Al-Malik Ibn Abī Al-ʻAlāʾ Ibn Zuhr, and Marco Antonio Zimara. Three Books on the Soul. Pavia, Italy: Jacob Paucidrapii d Burgofranco, 1521. Pdf.

APA citation style:

Averröes, A., Ibn Zuhr, ʻ. A. I. A. A. & Zimara, M. A. (1521) Three Books on the Soul. Pavia, Italy: Jacob Paucidrapii d Burgofranco. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Averröes, Author, ʻAbd Al-Malik Ibn Abī Al-ʻAlāʾ Ibn Zuhr, and Marco Antonio Zimara. Three Books on the Soul. Pavia, Italy: Jacob Paucidrapii d Burgofranco, 1521. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.

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