Book/Printed Material Compendium of Latin Translations of Persian Astronomical Tables. Chorasmiae, et Marawalnaharae, hoc est, Regionum extra fluvium Oxum Descriptio, Ex Tabulis Abulfedae Ismaelis...Epochae celebriores, Astronomis, Historicis, Chronologis, Chataiorum, Syro-Graecorum, Arabum, Persarum, Chorasmiorum...Ex traditione Ulug Beigi...Tabulae longitudinae ac latitudinae stellarum fixarum, ex observatione Ulugh Beighi... Mohammedis Tizini Tabulae declinationum & rectarum ascensionum... elenchus nominarum stellarum...In Ulugh Beighi Tabulas stellarum Fixarum Commentarii...

About this Item

Title

  • Compendium of Latin Translations of Persian Astronomical Tables.

Other Title

  • Chorasmiae, et Marawalnaharae, hoc est, Regionum extra fluvium Oxum Descriptio, Ex Tabulis Abulfedae Ismaelis...Epochae celebriores, Astronomis, Historicis, Chronologis, Chataiorum, Syro-Graecorum, Arabum, Persarum, Chorasmiorum...Ex traditione Ulug Beigi...Tabulae longitudinae ac latitudinae stellarum fixarum, ex observatione Ulugh Beighi... Mohammedis Tizini Tabulae declinationum & rectarum ascensionum... elenchus nominarum stellarum...In Ulugh Beighi Tabulas stellarum Fixarum Commentarii...

Summary

  • This volume is a compendium of six works that includes Latin translations of portions of the Zīj-i Sulṭānī by Muḥammad Ṭaraghāy ibn Shāhrukh ibn Tīmūr (1394--1449), known as Ulugh Beg. The other works include an excerpt from the Taqwīm al-Buldān (entitled "A Description of Khwārazm and Transoxiana from the Tables of Abū al-Fidāʾ") by Abū al-Fidāʾ Ismā'īl Ibn 'Alī (1273-1331), and a star table by Muhammad ibn Muhammad Tizīnī. Ulugh Beg ("Great Commander" in Turkish) was a grandson of Tīmūr (known in the West as Tamerlane) and the governor of Transoxiana. In the brief period following the death, in 1447, of his father, Shāhrukh ibn Tīmūr, Ulugh Beg was sultan of the Tīmūrid realms. He is known as a patron of poetry, literature, and especially of architecture. He built madrasahs in Bukhara and in his capital city of Samarqand, both of which were supported by substantial waqfs (religious endowments). His other building projects included those at Gur-Emir, Shahrisabz, and Shah-i Zindah. His most famous act of patronage, however, was the building, in circa 1420, of the observatory at Samarqand, of which he also served as director. There he assembled a large number of scientists, the most famous of whom were the renowned astronomer Jamshīd ibn Masʻūd Kāshī and the head professor in Ulugh Beg's madrasah, Mūsá ibn Muḥammad Qāḍīʹzādah. The observational program was led by Kāshī and Qāḍīzāda until their deaths (Kāshi in 1429 and Qāḍīzāda in 1436). The astronomical observations were continued under ʻAlī Qūshchī, a student of Qāḍīzāda and Ulugh Beg. Ulugh Beg completed his astronomical tables, the Zīj al-Sulṭānī or Zīj-i Ulugh Beg, in about 1441. Based largely on observations carried out at his observatory, this work became the standard star table well into the following century. The sections from the Zīj-i Ulugh Beg included in this book were translated by John Greaves (1602--52) and Thomas Hyde (1636--1703) and printed at the Oxford University Press in London in 1655. Greaves was an English mathematician, astronomer, orientalist and antiquary. Hyde was professor of Arabic and Persian and Bodley's librarian at Oxford.

Contributor Names

  • Abū al-Fidā', Ismā'īl Ibn 'Alī, 1273-1331 Author.
  • Al-Tizīnī, Muhammad ibn Muhammad Author.
  • Greaves, John, 1602-1652 Translator.
  • Hyde, Thomas, 1636-1703 Translator.
  • Ulugh Beg, 1394-1449 Author.

Created / Published

  • Oxford, England : H. Hall, 1665.

Subject Headings

  • -  Uzbekistan
  • -  Syrian Arab Republic
  • -  1273 to 1450
  • -  Astronomy -- Tables
  • -  Astronomy, Arab
  • -  Astronomy, Medieval
  • -  Stars

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 239 pages ; 25 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
  • -  Content in Persian and Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Arabic and Islamic Science and Its Influence on the Western Scientific Tradition: Astronomy

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666865

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Abū Al-Fidā', Ismā'Īl Ibn 'Alī, Author, Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Author Al-Tizīnī, John Greaves, Thomas Hyde, and Author Ulugh Beg. Compendium of Latin Translations of Persian Astronomical Tables. Oxford, England: H. Hall, 1665. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021666865/.

APA citation style:

Abū Al-Fidā', I. I. '., Al-Tizīnī, M. I. M. A., Greaves, J., Hyde, T. & Ulugh Beg, A. (1665) Compendium of Latin Translations of Persian Astronomical Tables. Oxford, England: H. Hall. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021666865/.

MLA citation style:

Abū Al-Fidā', Ismā'Īl Ibn 'Alī, Author, et al. Compendium of Latin Translations of Persian Astronomical Tables. Oxford, England: H. Hall, 1665. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021666865/>.