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Book/Printed Material The Greater Luminary. Luminare maius cinthius ut totum radiis illuminat orbem Illuminat latebras sic medicina tuas. Lumen apothecariorum cum nonnullis expositionibus noviter impressum

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About this Item

Title

  • The Greater Luminary.

Other Title

  • Luminare maius cinthius ut totum radiis illuminat orbem Illuminat latebras sic medicina tuas. Lumen apothecariorum cum nonnullis expositionibus noviter impressum

Summary

  • This volume contains Luminare Maius (The greater luminary), and an antidotarium (book of antidotes), by Joannes Jacobus de Manliis (1490). It is based on the works of the Nestorian Persian physician Yūḥannā Ibn Māsawayh (circa 777--857), known in the Latin West as Mesue, and "other distinguished physicians." Also included is an edition of Pandectarum Medicinae (Encyclopedia of medicaments) by Matteo Silvatico (also known by his Latinized name, Mattheus Sylvaticus, circa 1280--circa 1342), which consists of an alphabetized list of medications, primarily of herbal origin. Sylvaticus relied and expanded on the work of Simon of Genoa (flourished end of 13th century), who provided a lexicon of Latin, Greek, and Arabic medical terms in his dictionary, Clavis Sanationis. Sylvaticus also drew on the works of earlier Greco-Roman authorities, such as Dioscorides, Galen, and Paul of Aegina (circa seventh century). Other important sources were scientists in the Islamic world, such as the Persian physicians Ibn Sīnā (known as Avicenna in the Latin West, circa 980--1037) and Rāzī (Rhazes in the Latin West, circa 865--circa 925), and the Andalusian scientist Ibn Rushd (Averroes in the Latin West, 1126--98). For each of the 702 entries in this work, Sylvaticus provides the Arabic and Greek names, in addition to information about the medicinal properties of the material or plant in question. As in his Clavis Sanationis, for each letter of the Latin alphabet, a short introduction provides notes on transliteration from the Greek and Arabic into Latin. This edition was commissioned by Octavianus Scotus of Modena and produced in Venice in 1498 by the printer Bonetus Locatellus (active 1486--1523). It is not the earliest extant printing of this work. Other early printings include those from Naples (1474), Vicenza (1480), and Venice (1480, 1492, and 1499). Sandwiched between Luminare Maius and the Pandectarum Medicinae is a short work, Lumen Apothecarium, also by Manliis, which consists primarily of a table of contents for Luminare Maius.

Names

  • Ibn Māsawayh, Yūḥannā, approximately 777--857 Associated Name.
  • Locatelli, Boneto, flourished 1486-1523 Printer.
  • Manliis, Joannes Jacobus de, flourished 1490 Author.
  • Silvatico, Matteo, died approximately 1342 Author.

Created / Published

  • Venice : Bonetus Locatellus, for Octavianus Scotus, 1498.

Headings

  • -  Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • -  Italy
  • -  1200 to 1390
  • -  Antidotes
  • -  Drugs
  • -  Herbals
  • -  Materia medica
  • -  Medicinal plants
  • -  Medicine, Greek and Roman
  • -  Medicine, Medieval

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 253 pages : illustrations ; 30 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
  • -  Content in Arabic and Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021666866

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Ibn Māsawayh, Yūḥannā, Approximately 777, Boneto Locatelli, Joannes Jacobus De Manliis, and Matteo Silvatico. The Greater Luminary. Venice: Bonetus Locatellus, for Octavianus Scotus, 1498. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021666866/.

APA citation style:

Ibn Māsawayh, Y., Locatelli, B., Manliis, J. J. D. & Silvatico, M. (1498) The Greater Luminary. Venice: Bonetus Locatellus, for Octavianus Scotus. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021666866/.

MLA citation style:

Ibn Māsawayh, Yūḥannā, Approximately 777, et al. The Greater Luminary. Venice: Bonetus Locatellus, for Octavianus Scotus, 1498. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021666866/>.