Book/Printed Material Noteworthy History of Florida, Located in the West Indies, Including the Three Voyages Made There by Certain Captains and French Pilots. L'histoire notable de la Floride située ès Indes Occidentales: contenant les trois voyages faits en icelle par certains capitaines et pilotes français

About this Item

Title

  • Noteworthy History of Florida, Located in the West Indies, Including the Three Voyages Made There by Certain Captains and French Pilots.

Other Title

  • L'histoire notable de la Floride située ès Indes Occidentales: contenant les trois voyages faits en icelle par certains capitaines et pilotes français

Summary

  • Before the establishment of colonies in Canada early in the 16th century, France made several unsuccessful attempts to found settlements in Canada, Brazil, and Florida. The second voyage of exploration by Jacques Cartier (1491-1557), in 1535-36, gave birth to the idea of a colonial settlement across the Atlantic. In 1541 King Francis I named Jean-François de la Roque de Roberval (circa 1501-circa 1560), from the western province of Saintonge, lieutenant general of Canada. Guided by Cartier, Roberval established a small fort on the Saint Lawrence River, but scurvy and the rigors of winter led to the death of 50 colonists and in the spring of 1543 Roberval decided to repatriate his little colony to France. Between 1555 and 1565 France attempted to establish colonies in two more southerly regions of the New World, in Brazil and in part of the present-day U.S. state of Florida. In 1555 Nicolas Durand de Villegagnon (1510-71), vice admiral of Brittany, ordered the construction of a fort on an islet in the Bay of Guanabara (Rio de Janeiro), which was to serve the base for a projected colony called France Antarctique. The small colony, weakened by dissensions between Catholics and Protestants, was defeated by a Portuguese flotilla in 1560. In April 1564 a second expedition, under the command of René Goulaine de Laudonnière, departed Le Havre with three ships carrying 300 soldiers and tradesmen. The French established themselves on the River of May (Saint John's River, Florida), where they constructed Fort Caroline. Troubled by internal quarrels, famine, and heightened tensions with the Timucua Indians, the colony was near abandonment when a third colonizing expedition arrived in August 1565. This last expedition, led by Jean Ribault, included seven ships and 600 colonists. Many of the settlers were Huguenots, or French Protestants. The influx of people and supplies from France was insufficient to save French Florida. In September 1565, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés (1519--74), at the head of an armada of ten ships and acting on orders from King Philip II of Spain, massacred most of the Huguenots on the grounds that they were heretics. Histoire notable de la Floride (Noteworthy history of Florida), first published in 1586, is an account by Laudonnière of the French expeditions to the New World in this period. Presented here is an edition published in Paris in 1853.

Contributor Names

  • Basanier, Martin Editor.
  • Laudonnière, René de Goulaine de, 1520?-1574 Author.

Created / Published

  • Paris : P. Jannet, 1853.

Subject Headings

  • -  United States of America--Florida
  • -  1556 to 1564
  • -  Description and travel
  • -  Explorers
  • -  France in America
  • -  France--Colonies
  • -  Indians of North America
  • -  Indigenous peoples
  • -  Laudonnière, René de Goulaine de, 1520?-1574
  • -  New France
  • -  Ribaut, Jean, approximately 1520-1565
  • -  Villegaignon, Nicolas Durand de, 1510-1571

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 243 pages.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of France.
  • -  Content in French.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667019

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Basanier, Martin Editor, and René De Goulaine De Laudonnière. Noteworthy History of Florida, Located in the West Indies, Including the Three Voyages Made There by Certain Captains and French Pilots. Paris: P. Jannet, 1853. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667019/.

APA citation style:

Basanier, M. E. & Laudonnière, R. D. G. D. (1853) Noteworthy History of Florida, Located in the West Indies, Including the Three Voyages Made There by Certain Captains and French Pilots. Paris: P. Jannet. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667019/.

MLA citation style:

Basanier, Martin Editor, and René De Goulaine De Laudonnière. Noteworthy History of Florida, Located in the West Indies, Including the Three Voyages Made There by Certain Captains and French Pilots. Paris: P. Jannet, 1853. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667019/>.