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Book/Printed Material Stöger Passion: The Suffering of Christ.

About this Item


  • Stöger Passion: The Suffering of Christ.


  • The so-called Stöger Passion is the first book to have been printed in Bavaria and probably the very first illustrated incunabulum, predating even Albrecht Pfister's edition of Boner's Edelstein dated February 14, 1461 as well as Pfister's Biblia pauperum (Paupers' Bible) of circa 1462-63. The book is named after Franz Xaver Stöger the Younger, most likely the son of a Munich auctioneer, who since 1831 had good business contacts with the Munich library and first publicized the work in 1833. The book was printed with movable type similar to those used in the 36-line Bible and in the Gutenberg Bible and which were also used in a Viennese almanac for the year 1462. It is decorated with 20 metal cuts illustrating the Passion of Christ. Preceding the Stöger Passion, the volume contains an edition of the Seven Joys of Mary, printed with the same type and similarly illustrated with metal cuts. The Munich copy is the only complete example of this work, of which seven different editions are known, six in German and one in Italian. Before being used for print works, the metal cuts had been employed to illustrate handwritten prayer books. Created before this edition was printed in 1461, they are similar to images by the Meister der Spielkarten (Master of the Playing Cards), an artist who was active in the area of the upper Rhine, and therefore have often been seen as originating in this region. However, as printed images were highly mobile-this particular artist's designs were in fact distributed from England to Vienna-and as the manuscripts and printed editions of this text were written in a central Bavarian dialect, the metal cuts may also have originated in Bavaria. The first edition of the small prayer book with its metal-cut illustrations was so successful that a copy of it was soon made, which, in turn, was used to produce similar books with handwritten or xylographic text.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1461.


  • -  Germany
  • -  1461
  • -  Crucifixion of the Christ
  • -  Incunabula
  • -  Jesus Christ
  • -  Resurrection of Jesus Christ


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "BSB shelfmark: Inc.s.a. 104 m#Beibd. 1|This description of the work was written by Karl-Georg Pfändtner of the Bavarian State Library."--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 21 folios.
  • -  Original resource at: Bavarian State Library.
  • -  Content in Middle High German (ca. 1050-1500).
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667060

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Stöger Passion: The Suffering of Christ. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1461] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(1461) Stöger Passion: The Suffering of Christ. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Stöger Passion: The Suffering of Christ. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1461] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.