Book/Printed Material Techniques for a Contemplative Way of Life. Ars et modus contemplativae vitae
About this Item
- Techniques for a Contemplative Way of Life.
- Ars et modus contemplativae vitae
- This edition is a compendium of five short texts intended for the religious edification of members of the clergy. The first work, with the title Ars et modus contemplativae vitae (Techniques for a contemplative way of life), deals with the most important articles of faith central to the contemplative way of life. The text is preceded by a series of captioned medallions containing images that illustrate the themes of the work. These illustrations were pictorial or schematic aids for meditation, as were two further plates depicting the names and attributes of God and scenes from the life of Jesus. The book also contains short treatises on meditation and the art of memorization, an excerpt from a handbook on preaching attributed to Saint Thomas Aquinas, and instructions on how to construct an arbor praedicandi (preaching tree), which concludes with a double-page woodcut illustration representing the rhetorical development of a sermon in the form of a tree. The edition was carefully planned to combine the method of printing using movable type with the use of xylographic prints. The woodcuts were printed on separate leaves and bound in at the beginning and end of the book. Using a muller (grinding stone), the woodcuts were transferred onto the dampened paper, which was rubbed onto the inked block with leather bundles. This technique damaged the reverse side of the print, which consequently was left blank. Often such prints were then pasted together to produce double-sided pages. By contrast, typographic printing in a press allowed both sides of the paper to be printed. The book shown here was produced in the workshop of Friedrich Creussner, a printer who was active in Nuremberg from the beginning of the 1470s to the end of the 15th century. Among his more than 140 printed editions, this is the only one to have survived in which he combined xylographic and typographic print methods. He may have already produced a Defensorium virginitatis Mariae (In defense of the virginity of Mary) in this manner in 1470, but that work has not survived.
- Creussner, Friedrich, active 1472-1499 Printer.
- Thomas, Aquinas, Saint, 1225?-1274 Contributor.
Created / Published
- Nuremberg : Friedrich Creussner, 1473.
- - Germany
- - 1473
- - Catholic Church
- - Clergy
- - Incunabula
- - Meditation
- - Monastic and religious life
- - Preaching
- - Religious education
- - Sermons
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - "BSB shelfmark: Xylogr. 38|This description of the work was written by Heike Riedel-Bierschwale of the Bavarian State Library.|Contains: Modus meditandi in generali. Ars memorativa ad omnes facultates. De arte et modo praedicandi. Modus formandi arborem praedicandi. Ars et modus contemplativae vitae"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
- - Original resource extent: 32 folios : illustrated.
- - Original resource at: Bavarian State Library.
- - Content in Latin.
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
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IIIF Presentation Manifest
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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Creussner, Friedrich, Active Printer, and Aquinas Thomas. Techniques for a Contemplative Way of Life. Nuremberg: Friedrich Creussner, 1473. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667063/.
APA citation style:
Creussner, F. & Thomas, A. (1473) Techniques for a Contemplative Way of Life. Nuremberg: Friedrich Creussner. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667063/.
MLA citation style:
Creussner, Friedrich, Active Printer, and Aquinas Thomas. Techniques for a Contemplative Way of Life. Nuremberg: Friedrich Creussner, 1473. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667063/>.