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Book/Printed Material Hero and Leander. De Herone et Leandro

About this Item


  • Hero and Leander.

Other Title

  • De Herone et Leandro


  • This illustrated edition of the epyllion (epic poem) by the Greek poet Musaeus (also seen as Musaios, late fifth century-early sixth century) relating the tragic love story of Hero and Leander is one of the first editions produced by Aldus Manutius the elder (1449 or 1450--1515) in his Venetian printing workshop, the Aldine Press. The book contains the text of the poem in the original Greek, in 343 hexameters, and a Latin translation. It is a matter of controversy in which year this undated edition was published-1494, 1495, 1497, and 1498 all have been suggested-and whether it appeared before or after the similarly undated Musaeus edition printed by Lorenzo de Alopa in Florence. Aldus Manutius was an innovative typographer, an excellent philologist, and, together with Filippo Giunta, one of the most important early printers of classical literature. He specialized in the editing and publishing of ancient Greek texts (31 editions). His relatively large print-runs-amounting to a total of around 60,000 books produced by his press-made these texts available to a wide public. Aldus Manutius worked closely with Francesco Griffo, a punch cutter and type founder from Bologna, to create their first Greek fonts. They designed and used four different sets of Greek printing types, each of which was modelled on the characteristic hand, and sometimes idiosyncratic abbreviations, of a contemporary calligrapher. The types used for the edition of Musaeus's verses are Manutius's earliest Greek font, which imitated the handwriting of Immanuel Rusotas, a Greek professional scribe who worked in Venice beginning in 1465. The respectable philological quality of the Aldine editions is partly due to Manutius's cooperation with the scholar Markos Musuros (or Mousouros), but modern research has shown that the constitution of Musaeus's text was the work of the printer himself. Which manuscripts he used is unknown. The Latin translation of the work also can be attributed to Manutius, as is attested by an autograph manuscript of the draft preserved in the Bibliothèque humaniste in Sélestat, France. The copy presented here belonged to the library of Hartmann Schedel and came to the Munich Court Library in 1571 as part of the collection of Johann Jakob Fugger.


  • Manuzio, Aldo, 1449 or 50-1515 Printer.
  • Musaeus, Grammaticus Author.

Created / Published

  • Venice : Aldine Press, [1494 to 1498]


  • -  Italy
  • -  490 to 530
  • -  Greek poetry
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Incunabula
  • -  Love stories
  • -  Mythology, Greek


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "BSB shelfmark: Rar. 303|This description of the work was written by Kerstin Hajdú of the Bavarian State Library."--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 28 folios : illustrated.
  • -  Original resource at: Bavarian State Library.
  • -  Content in Modern Greek (1453-) and Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667065

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Manuzio, Aldo, 1449 Or 50-1515 Printer, and Grammaticus Author Musaeus. Hero and Leander. [Venice: Aldine Press, to 1498, 1494] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Manuzio, A. & Musaeus, G. A. (1494) Hero and Leander. [Venice: Aldine Press, to 1498] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Manuzio, Aldo, 1449 Or 50-1515 Printer, and Grammaticus Author Musaeus. Hero and Leander. [Venice: Aldine Press, to 1498, 1494] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.