About this Item


  • Album.


  • This muraqqa' (album) of calligraphy in an accordion format was compiled in Ottoman Turkey in the 12th century AH (18th century AD). The medium is ink and pigments on paper mounted on thin pasteboard. It consists, in part, of leaves bearing fragmentary passages from the Qurʼan, from chapter 2 (Sūrat al-baqarah), verses 65--68, and chapter 4 (Sūrat al-nisā'), verses 103--6. Also included are the hadith (the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad), and two sheets of karalama (pen exercises). The Qurʼanic verses and the passages of hadith are written in vocalized Naskh and Thuluth scripts in black ink. Folio 5a bears the name of the Ottoman calligrapher, Şeyh Hamdullah, also called Ḥamd Allāh al-Amāsī, who died in 926 AH (1520 AD). Şeyh Hamdullah was the most celebrated calligrapher of his time and influenced subsequent generations of calligraphers. Each page in the album is framed by 18th-century marbled borders. The sheepskin binding with central lobed medallion has a central panel filled with chamois leather and is probably contemporary with the album. The manuscript is from the Walters Art Museum and is designated Walters W. 672.


  • Şeyh Hamdullah, 1436 or 7-1519 or 20 Calligrapher.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1700 to 1799]


  • -  Turkey
  • -  1450 to 1799
  • -  Arabic calligraphy
  • -  Islamic calligraphy
  • -  Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Koran
  • -  Muḥammad, Prophet, died 632


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: Mounted on thin pasteboard. Foliation: 10. Dimensions: 23 centimeters wide by 30 centimeters high.
  • -  Original resource at: Walters Art Museum.
  • -  Content in Arabic and Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928).
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667202

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Şeyh Hamdullah, 1436 Or 7-1519 Or 20 Calligrapher. Album. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1799, 1700] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667202/.

APA citation style:

Şeyh Hamdullah, 1. O. 7. O. 2. C. (1700) Album. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1799] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667202/.

MLA citation style:

Şeyh Hamdullah, 1436 Or 7-1519 Or 20 Calligrapher. Album. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1799, 1700] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667202/>.