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About this Item


  • Qurʼan.


  • This outstanding early 14th-century manuscript is the first part of a Qurʼan originally comprising 12 volumes, which, according to the colophon, was produced for the Moroccan ruler Abū Ya'qūb Yūsuf. This text and a companion manuscript, also in the Bavarian State Library ( 3), contain, respectively, the first and last five sixtieths of the Qurʼan. The text is written in Maghrebi script on parchment, with only seven lines to a page. The well-proportioned balancing of the text area with the wide margins gives the Qurʼan its monumental character. Colorful signs indicate the vocalization and golden circles mark the verses. The medallions of the surah headings in the margins are carried out with very delicate arabesque ornaments. Several elegant double-page illuminations open and close the manuscript. Experts rate this manuscript and the companion 3 as among the most outstanding copies of the Qurʼan in existence.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1306.


  • -  500 to 632
  • -  Arabic calligraphy
  • -  Arabic manuscripts
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Koran


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "BSB Shelfmark: 2"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 122 sheets, parchment : illustrations ; 26 x 21.5 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Bavarian State Library.
  • -  Content in Arabic.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667225

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Qurʼan. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1306] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(1306) Qurʼan. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Qurʼan. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1306] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.