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Book/Printed Material Manṣūr's Anatomy.

About this Item


  • Manṣūr's Anatomy.


  • The Persian physician Manṣūr ibn Muḥammad ibn Ilyās, who flourished around 1384, came from a family of physicians and other intellectuals living in the city of Shiraz in present-day Iran. Tashrīḥ-i badan-i insān (The anatomy of the human body), usually known as Tashrīḥ-i Manṣūrī (Manṣūr's anatomy), is his best-known work. It contains the earliest surviving Islamic anatomical illustrations of the whole human body. They include full-page figures, drawn in pen using various colors of ink. The treatise consists of an introduction followed by chapters on the bones, nerves, muscles, veins, and arteries. A concluding chapter is on compound organs, such as the heart and brain, and on the formation of the fetus, and includes a figure representing the arterial system of a pregnant woman. The work is dedicated to Sulṭān Pīr Muḥammad ibn ʻUmar ibn Tīmūr, ruler of the Fars region of Persia circa 1393--1409 and grandson of Timur, known to Europeans as Tamerlane. This manuscript was copied in 1709 in a medium-sized naskh script on brown laid paper with catchwords and headings in red. There is some Indian stylistic influence. The manuscript was a gift of John Farquhar Fulton and forms part of the Cushing collection of rare books at the Medical Historical Library in the Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library, Yale University.


  • Ibn Ilyās, Manṣūr ibn Muḥammad, flourished 1384 Author.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1709-03-27.


  • -  Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • -  1300 to 1400
  • -  Human anatomy
  • -  Medicine, Arab
  • -  Medicine, Medieval


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Historical Medical Library: Cushing Persian Ms. 14."--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 35 folios ; 20.2 x 30 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Yale University Library.
  • -  Content in Persian.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667279

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Ibn Ilyās, Manṣūr Ibn Muḥammad, Flourished 1384 Author. Manṣūr's Anatomy. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, -03-27, 1709] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Ibn Ilyās, M. I. M. (1709) Manṣūr's Anatomy. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, -03-27] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Ibn Ilyās, Manṣūr Ibn Muḥammad, Flourished 1384 Author. Manṣūr's Anatomy. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, -03-27, 1709] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.