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About this Item


  • Qurʼan.


  • Making use of a colored background to write upon was a means rarely used in the East or the West to emphasize the importance of a manuscript. This manuscript, with all its pages gilt, is unique. Simple black writing in the Naskhi style is used on the magnificent background. It is a masterpiece of calligraphy. In the 18th century, when the present cover was made, the book was severely cropped; only about half of each of the palm leaf-shaped "ansae" in the surah headings and the marginal verse numbers survived. The text is fully vocalized. The blue, red or white chapter headings on differently colored and decorated background are either in narrow and compressed Kufic or a generous cursive script. The points separating the verses are white drawings on roughly sketched-in orange or blue backgrounds. At the beginning, a fragment of a former double-page illumination has survived, which was usual for the openings of richly decorated Qurʼans of the 11th and 12th centuries made in the central Iraqi-Iranian area of the Islamic world, ruled at that time by the Seljuks.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1000 to 1199]


  • -  Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • -  Iraq
  • -  1000 to 1199
  • -  Arabic calligraphy
  • -  Arabic manuscripts
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Koran


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "BSB shelfmark: 1112"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 183 folios : paper ; 26 x 18 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Bavarian State Library.
  • -  Content in Arabic.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667316

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Qurʼan. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1199, 1000] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(1000) Qurʼan. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1199] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Qurʼan. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1199, 1000] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.