Book/Printed Material The Perfect Pearl of Wonders and the Precious Pearl of Extraordinary Things.
About this Item
- The Perfect Pearl of Wonders and the Precious Pearl of Extraordinary Things.
- The manuscript presented here is an Ottoman Turkish translation of Kharīdat al-ʻAjā'ib wa Farīdat al-Gharā'ib (The perfect pearl of wonders and the precious pearl of extraordinary things), a compilation of texts on geography, natural history, and other subjects. The original Arabic work is generally attributed to Siraj al-Din Abu Hafs ʻUmar Ibn al-Wardi (died 1457), a horticulturalist and geographer whose family was from Maʻarat al-Nuʻman, in present-day Syria. The work is sometimes also attributed to Ibn al-Wardi's grandfather Zayn al-Din (died 1349), a poet and historian. A table of contents at the beginning divides the work into 14 chapters, beginning with a description of Earth, accompanied by a somewhat simplified version of the iconic circular map of the world attributed to Ibn al-Wardi. Other chapters cover gulfs and seas, islands, world wonders, famous rivers, water wells and springs, high mountains, minerals, fruits, and other subjects. The world map shows the Earth as a sphere surrounded by bahr al-zulumat (The Sea of Darkness) and the legendary mountain range of qaf. The Muslim holy city of Mecca is placed in the center, giving the map an element of sacred geography. The map is drawn with the south on top. As a consequence, China, Tibet and India are on the left and the "lands of the Romans, Franks, Germans, and other Christian sects" are at the bottom right. Egypt and Syria are placed in the middle. The geographical information presented varies greatly in quality, even for those regions that are central to the work, such as the Middle East and North Africa. This copy was completed by a Hasan ibn Mustafa, on or around November 5, 1661, in "Islambul," another name for Istanbul. The translator is unknown. A reference on the table-of-contents page to a Khawaja Uthman Shah as the translator is unverifiable.
- Ibn al-Wardī, Sirāj al-Dīn Abū Ḥafṣ ʻUmar, died 1457 Attributed Name.
- Ibn Muṣṭafá, Ḥasan Scribe.
Created / Published
- Istanbul : [publisher not identified], [1661 to 1662]
- - Saudi Arabia--Makkah--Mecca
- - Syrian Arab Republic
- - 1380 to 1450
- - Arabic manuscripts
- - Astrology
- - Description and travel
- - Geography
- - World maps
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - Original resource extent: 202 folios ; 20 x 29 centimeters.
- - Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
- - Content in Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928).
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Rights & Access
The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners
The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.
Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
More about Copyright and other Restrictions
For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.
For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Ibn Al-Wardī, Sirāj Al-Dīn Abū Ḥafṣ ʻUmar, Died 1457 Attributed Name, and Ḥasan Scribe Ibn Muṣṭafá. The Perfect Pearl of Wonders and the Precious Pearl of Extraordinary Things. [Istanbul: Publisher Not Identified, to 1662, 1661] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667381/.
APA citation style:
Ibn Al-Wardī, S. A. A. Ḥ. ʻ. & Ibn Muṣṭafá, Ḥ. S. (1661) The Perfect Pearl of Wonders and the Precious Pearl of Extraordinary Things. [Istanbul: Publisher Not Identified, to 1662] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667381/.
MLA citation style:
Ibn Al-Wardī, Sirāj Al-Dīn Abū Ḥafṣ ʻUmar, Died 1457 Attributed Name, and Ḥasan Scribe Ibn Muṣṭafá. The Perfect Pearl of Wonders and the Precious Pearl of Extraordinary Things. [Istanbul: Publisher Not Identified, to 1662, 1661] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667381/>.