Book/Printed Material Al-Sufi's "Book of the Constellations of the Fixed Stars," followed by Maxims, and al-Qazwini's "The Wonders of Creation".

About this Item

Title

  • Al-Sufi's "Book of the Constellations of the Fixed Stars," followed by Maxims, and al-Qazwini's "The Wonders of Creation".

Summary

  • This manuscript volume preserves two works. The first is a 14th-century copy of Kitāb ṣuwar al-kawākib (Book of the constellations of the fixed stars) by ʻAbd al-Rahman ibn ʻUmar al-Sufi (903--86). The second is a 17th-century Ottoman Turkish translation of the first part (on the supra-terrestrial creatures) of Kitāb 'Ajā'ib al-makhlūqāt wa-gharā'ib al-mawjūdāt (The wonders of creation), a two-part cosmography by Zakariya Ibn Muhammad al-Qazwini (1203--83). Inserted between the two works are four pages of maxims attributed to various authors, including Plato, Jesus, Muhammad, and Ali. Al-Sufi, known in the West as Azophi, was born in Persia (present-day Iran) and worked in Isfahan and in Baghdad. He is known for his translation from Greek into Arabic of the Almagest by the ancient astronomer Ptolemy. The book presented here is his most famous work, written around 964. In this work, al-Sufi describes the 48 constellations that were established by Ptolemy and adds criticisms and corrections of his own. For each of the constellations, he provides the indigenous Arabic names for their stars, drawings of the constellations, and a table of stars showing their locations and magnitude. Al-Sufi's book spurred further work on astronomy in the Arabic and Islamic worlds, and exercised a huge influence on the development of science in Europe. The work was frequently copied and translated. Al-Qazwini was born in the Persian town of Qazwin and worked as a legal expert and judge in Persia and Iraq. He is also known for his geographical dictionary, Āthār al-bilād wa-akhbār al-'ibād (Monument of places and history of God's bondsmen), which like this cosmography reflects learning in a wide range of disciplines. The Wonders of Creation enjoyed great popularity in the Arab world and was transmitted in numerous copies for centuries. The author of the Turkish translation is unknown, but the effort appears to have been dedicated to the Ottoman sultan Mustafa I (1591--1639).

Names

  • Qazwīnī, Zakarīyā ibn Muḥammad, circa 1203-1283 Author.
  • Sufi, ʻAbd al-Rahman ibn ʻUmar, 903-986 Author.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1300 to 1700]

Headings

  • -  964 to 1700
  • -  Arabic manuscripts
  • -  Astronomy, Arab
  • -  Constellations
  • -  Cosmography
  • -  Stars

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 229 folios : drawings ; 27 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of France.
  • -  Content in Arabic and Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928).
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Arabic and Islamic Science and Its Influence on the Western Scientific Tradition: Astronomy

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667391

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Qazwīnī, Zakarīyā Ibn Muḥammad, Circa Author, and ʻAbd Al-Rahman Ibn ʻUmar Sufi. Al-Sufi's "Book of the Constellations of the Fixed Stars," followed by Maxims, and al-Qazwini's "The Wonders of Creation". [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1700, 1300] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667391/.

APA citation style:

Qazwīnī, Z. I. M. & Sufi, ʻ. A. I. ʻ. (1300) Al-Sufi's "Book of the Constellations of the Fixed Stars," followed by Maxims, and al-Qazwini's "The Wonders of Creation". [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1700] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667391/.

MLA citation style:

Qazwīnī, Zakarīyā Ibn Muḥammad, Circa Author, and ʻAbd Al-Rahman Ibn ʻUmar Sufi. Al-Sufi's "Book of the Constellations of the Fixed Stars," followed by Maxims, and al-Qazwini's "The Wonders of Creation". [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1700, 1300] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667391/>.