Book/Printed Material The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons, by al-Idrisi.

About this Item

Title

  • The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons, by al-Idrisi.

Summary

  • Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Idrisi (circa 1100--1166) was an Arab geographer and adviser to Norman king Roger II of Sicily. He was born into a family of Andalusian and Maghreb princes and sharif saints, in Sabtah (Ceuta), on the coast of Morocco. Al-Idrisi studied in Cordoba, and traveled extensively in the Mediterranean region, Anatolia, the northwestern coast of the Iberian Peninsula, and possibly southern England. He is best known for his Nuzhat al-mushtāq fī ikhtirāq al-āfāq (The excursion of the one who yearns to penetrate the horizons), one of the greatest works of medieval geography. The work was also known in Arabic as Kitab Rujar (Roger's book), and in Latin as Tabula Rogeriana. Al-Idrisi combined Greek and Arab knowledge with first-hand observations and reports by travelers to produce the work. It took Al-Idrisi 15 years to finish the work, which he completed shortly before Roger's death in 1154. Presented here is the oldest known copy of Nuzhat al-mushtaq, produced around 1325 and preserved in the National Library of France as MS Arabe 2221. Following the Ptolemaic system, Al-Idrisi divided the Northern Hemisphere into seven climates of equal width, each of which was further divided by lines of longitude into ten equal sections, resulting in a total of 70 sectional maps, which, if put together, form a rectangular map of the known world at the time. The maps are oriented with north at the bottom. The accompanying text describes the socioeconomic, physical, cultural, and political conditions of each region. Two maps are missing in this copy: that of the first and that of the second section of the seventh climate. The first folios are partially damaged. The last folio, representing the tenth section of the seventh climate, is missing. Other folios within the volume have been put back together but parts are missing. This copy includes a carefully drawn planisphere and 68 maps, all of which are carefully drawn and colored. Of all medieval Arabic maps, these are probably the best in terms of craftsmanship.

Names

  • Idrīsī, approximately 1100-1166 Creator.
  • Roger II, King of Sicily, 1095-1154 Sponsor.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1250 to 1325]

Headings

  • -  1154
  • -  Arabic manuscripts
  • -  Description and travel
  • -  Geography, Medieval
  • -  Mappae mundi
  • -  World maps

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 352 folios : maps, illustrations ; 26 x 21 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of France.
  • -  Content in Arabic.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667394

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Idrīsī, Approximately Creator, and King Of Sicily Roger Ii. The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons, by al-Idrisi. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1325, 1250] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667394/.

APA citation style:

Idrīsī, A. C. & Roger Ii, K. O. S. (1250) The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons, by al-Idrisi. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1325] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667394/.

MLA citation style:

Idrīsī, Approximately Creator, and King Of Sicily Roger Ii. The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons, by al-Idrisi. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1325, 1250] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667394/>.