Book/Printed Material Gloss on al-Lari's Commentary on Philosophy.
About this Item
- Gloss on al-Lari's Commentary on Philosophy.
- Muslih al-Din al-Lari (died 1571 or 1572) was a philosopher and scientist who hailed from Shiraz, in present-day Iran. He was initially active in India but later lived in Istanbul, where he enjoyed the patronage of the Ottoman court. A prolific author who wrote in many fields, al-Lari is best known for his interest in "rational sciences." Some of his works became textbooks in the Ottoman curriculum. The manuscript presented here is a gloss on a commentary by al-Lari on logic and dialectics. The author of the gloss is Muhammad al-Kaffawi, also known as al-Aqkirmani, an 18th-century theologian and linguist who was a judge in Mecca. Al-Lari's commentary concerns a work entitled Hidāyat al-ḥikmah (Guidance through philosophy) by 13th-century logician, mathematician, and astronomer Athir al-Din al-Abhari (died circa 1265). Like its parent works, this gloss deals with issues pertaining to nature, philosophy, and logic. It begins with a definition of the notion of hikmah, often translated as philosophy or wisdom. Further issues discussed include al-wujud al-dhihni (conceptual existence), mutlaq al-faḍaʼil (ultimate virtues), and al-kulliyat (The principles). The text, framed in brown and black outlines, is in black, well-executed nastaʻliq script, with 21 lines per page, and numerous commentaries in the margins. The title page displays a panel with flowering vines. This manuscript copy was completed on or around December 22, 1764, only three or four years after the author's death, suggesting the likelihood that it was based on the original. Some biographies, such as al-Zirikli's al-Aʻlām (The notables), maintain that al-Lari's commentary was not based directly on al-Abhari's work, but rather derives from yet another commentary by 15th-century Persian philosopher Qadi Mir Husayn al-Maybudi.
- Athīr al-Dīn al-Abharī, al-Mufaḍḍal ibn ʻUmar, died 1265 Associated Name.
- Kaffawī, Muḥammad ibn Ḥumayd, died 1760 or 1761 Author.
- Muṣliḥ al-Dīn al-Lārī, Muḥammad ibn Ṣalāḥ, died 1571 or 1572 Commentator for Written Text.
- Qāḍī Mīr, Ḥusayn ibn Muʻīn al-Dīn, died 1504 or 1505 Associated Name.
Created / Published
- [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1764-12-22.
- - Saudi Arabia--Makkah--Mecca
- - Turkey--Istanbul
- - 1500 to 1570
- - Arabic manuscripts
- - Islamic philosophy
- - Logic
- - Nasta'liq script
- - Philosophy
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - Original resource extent: 248 folios ; 21.2 x 13.6 centimeters sheets on 21.5 x 14.4 centimeters.
- - Original resource at: Wellcome Library.
- - Content in Arabic.
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
- Athīr Al-Dīn Al-Abharī, Al-Mufaḍḍal Ibn ʻumar, 1265
- Kaffawī, Muḥammad Ibn Ḥumayd, 1760761
- Muṣliḥ Al-Dīn Al-Lārī, Muḥammad Ibn Ṣalāḥ, 1571572
- Qāḍī Mīr, Ḥusayn Ibn Muʻīn Al-Dīn, 1504505
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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Athīr Al-Dīn Al-Abharī, Al-Mufaḍḍal Ibn ʻUmar, Died 1265 Associated Name, Muḥammad Ibn Ḥumayd Kaffawī, Muḥammad Ibn Ṣalāḥ Muṣliḥ Al-Dīn Al-Lārī, and Ḥusayn Ibn MuʻĪn Al-Dīn Qāḍī Mīr. Gloss on al-Lari's Commentary on Philosophy. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, -12-22, 1764] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667403/.
APA citation style:
Athīr Al-Dīn Al-Abharī, A. I. ʻ., Kaffawī, M. I. Ḥ., Muṣliḥ Al-Dīn Al-Lārī, M. I. Ṣ. & Qāḍī Mīr, Ḥ. I. M. A. (1764) Gloss on al-Lari's Commentary on Philosophy. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, -12-22] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667403/.
MLA citation style:
Athīr Al-Dīn Al-Abharī, Al-Mufaḍḍal Ibn ʻUmar, Died 1265 Associated Name, et al. Gloss on al-Lari's Commentary on Philosophy. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, -12-22, 1764] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667403/>.