Book/Printed Material Copy of the U.S.-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity.
About this Item
- Copy of the U.S.-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity.
- After his initial visit to Japan in July 1853, Commodore Matthew C. Perry (1794--1858) returned to Japan in March 1854 to start discussions with Hayashi Akira and other Bakufu (shogunate) representatives in Yokohama. After protracted negotiations, the U.S. and Japanese representatives signed the U.S.-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity. Consisting of 12 articles, the treaty proclaimed everlasting peace and amity between the two countries and approved the opening of the Shimoda and Hakodate ports, the supply of fuel and water, and the establishment of a U.S. consulate in Japan. In May of the same year, a 13-article appendix to the Treaty of Peace and Amity also was concluded. The treaty, which came into force on February 21, 1855 after the exchange of instruments of ratification, heralded the end of Japan's policy of Sakoku (closed country). Presented here is a copy of the instrument of ratification for the treaty produced by the Japanese delegation. An instrument of ratification was also prepared for the treaty appendix, even though separate ratification of this agreement was not required. These documents are referred to in Perry's Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan (1856).
- Japan Contributor.
- United States Contributor.
Created / Published
- [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1855.
- - Japan
- - United States of America
- - 1855
- - Foreign relations
- - Treaties
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - Original resource at: National Diet Library.
- - Content in Japanese.
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Japan Contributor, and United States Contributor. Copy of the U.S.-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1855] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667465/.
APA citation style:
Japan Contributor & United States Contributor. (1855) Copy of the U.S.-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667465/.
MLA citation style:
Japan Contributor, and United States Contributor. Copy of the U.S.-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1855] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667465/>.