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Book/Printed Material Blueprint for Governmental Reform.

About this Item


  • Blueprint for Governmental Reform.


  • Iwakura Tomomi and Ōkubo Toshimichi were at the core of the Japanese government that was formed after the political upheaval of 1873, when the governing alliance of senior officials split over a proposed military expedition against Korea. Gotō Shōjirō, Itagaki Taisuke, and Kido Takayoshi were among the leaders of the losing faction, most of whom had favored the expedition. Relations between Ōkubo and Itagaki and Kido, who were no longer in government, were tense. Thanks to the intervention of Inoue Kaoru and Itō Hirobumi, elder statesmen who were concerned about the state of affairs, several discussions between the various parties were held in January and February of 1875, in what became known as the Osaka Conference. In preparation for the move to a constitutional government, it was agreed to set up a Genrōin (Chamber of Elders) and a council of provincial governors, to have a separate cabinet, ministries with cabinet ministers acting as assistants to the emperor, to entrust administrative affairs to each ministry, and to establish a supreme court. Presented here is a blueprint for governmental reform that was written by Kido in the course of the Osaka discussions.


  • Inoue, Kaoru, 1836-1915 Associated Name.
  • Itō, Hirobumi, 1841-1909 Associated Name.
  • Iwakura, Tomomi, 1825-1883 Associated Name.
  • Kido, Takayoshi, 1833-1877 Author.
  • Ōkubo, Toshimichi, 1830-1878 Associated Name.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1875.


  • -  Japan
  • -  1875
  • -  Political participation
  • -  Politics and government
  • -  Representative government and representation


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Reference extracted from World Digital Library: "Osaka Conference" in Initial Steps toward a Constitutional State, National Diet Library. External
  • -  Original resource at: National Diet Library.
  • -  Content in Japanese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667469

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Inoue, Kaoru, Associated Name, Hirobumi Itō, Tomomi Iwakura, Takayoshi Kido, and Toshimichi Ōkubo. Blueprint for Governmental Reform. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1875] Image.

APA citation style:

Inoue, K., Itō, H., Iwakura, T., Kido, T. & Ōkubo, T. (1875) Blueprint for Governmental Reform. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Inoue, Kaoru, Associated Name, et al. Blueprint for Governmental Reform. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1875] Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.