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Book/Printed Material Xin zhi zhu qi tu shuo : yi juan 新制诸器图说 : 一卷

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About this Item


  • Xin zhi zhu qi tu shuo : yi juan

Other Title

  • 新制诸器图说 : 一卷

Translated Title

  • Illustrations and Explanations of Various Machines


  • Xin zhi zhu qi tu shuo (Illustrations and explanations of various machines) is a work compiled by Wang Zheng (1571-1644). The book depicts and explains several machines of the compiler's own design, but which were influenced by Western technology. Volume 1 is headed by the title and proclaims Wang Zheng of Guanxi the author, and junior student Wang Yingkui of Xin'an the editor. Preceding the text is a brief preface by the author. The book juxtaposes illustrations with text; each machine has an introduction and a hand-drawn illustration with explanation. At the end of each item is an inscription of appreciation and pronunciation. Among the devices recorded in the book are two types of pumps for irrigation, named hong xi (rainbow-pump) and he yin (crane-drinking pump); a double-action pump mounted on wheeled vehicles; windmill; self-rotating mill; self-propelled quadricycle; wheeled clepsydra; a different kind of plow; and newly designed crossbows. The note at the end of the work reads: "Written in the seventh year (1627) of Tianqi reign by Liaoyi Daoren of Guanxi at Wangtianxuan." Wang Zheng, courtesy name Liangfu, style names Kuixin and Liaoyi Daoren, was a native of Jingyang, Shaanxi. He achieved his jin shi degree in 1622, became a judge in Yangzhou, and was promoted to deputy military inspector. Later he petitioned to retire. After rebel leader Li Zicheng (1606-45) overthrew the Ming dynasty, he asked Wang Zheng to serve under him, but Wang firmly declined. Learning that the Ming capital, Beijing, had been sacked, Wang began a hunger strike and died. Wang Zheng was greatly influenced by the Jesuits, who introduced him to Western science. Another work, Yuan Xi qi qi tu shuo (Diagrams and explanations of the wonderful machines of the Far West), was dictated by German Jesuit missionary Johann Schreck (1576-1630) and recorded by Wang Zheng. It introduces Western physical and mechanical devices. Wang also helped Flemish French missionary Nicolas Trigault (1577-1628) in his compilation of Xi ru er mu zi (Aid to the ears and eyes of Western scholars), which provided transliterations and phonetics for Chinese characters for use by Westerners learning Chinese. Wang's other works include Liang li lue (An outline of two administrations), Tian wen ci (Questions to heaven), Li dai fa meng bian dao shuo (Enlightening discourses in past dynasties on pursuing the truth), and Shan ju yong (Verses of mountain living).


  • Wang, Yingkui, 1683-approximately 1760 Editor
  • Wang, Zheng, 1571-1644 Compiler

Created / Published

  • [Place of publication not identified] : [Publisher not identified], 1627.


  • -  China--Taiwan
  • -  1627
  • -  Machinery
  • -  Mechanical engineering
  • -  Pumping machinery


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource at: National Central Library.
  • -  Content in Chinese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
  • -  Title revised per Asian Division.--cc28 2023-01-06


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667481

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Wang, Yingkui, Approximately 1760 Editor, and Zheng Wang. Xin Zhi Zhu Qi Tu Shuo: Yi Juan. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, 1627] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Wang, Y. & Wang, Z. (1627) Xin Zhi Zhu Qi Tu Shuo: Yi Juan. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Wang, Yingkui, Approximately 1760 Editor, and Zheng Wang. Xin Zhi Zhu Qi Tu Shuo: Yi Juan. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, 1627] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.