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Book/Printed Material Banitsa Gospel.

About this Item


  • Banitsa Gospel.


  • The Banitsa Gospel, written on parchment in Church Slavonic in the late 13th century, is one of the manuscripts testifying to the end of the anonymity of Bulgarian men of letters at around this time. The colophon indicates that the scribe who made the manuscript was the priest Ioann at Saint Nicholas Church in the village of Banitsa (presumably in the Vratsa region of present-day northwestern Bulgaria). The characteristic script and the ornamental illumination, elaborated in black, red, and yellow ink, reflect a local manuscript tradition. The menologion (calendar) includes the holidays of Bulgarian saints Petka Turnovska (Paraskeva of Turnovo), Ioann Rilski (Ivan of Rila), Tsar Peter, and Cyril and Methodius.


  • Ioann, priest Scribe.

Created / Published

  • Banitsa, Bulgaria : [publisher not identified], [1275 to 1299]


  • -  Bulgaria--Vratsa
  • -  1275 to 1299
  • -  Bible. New Testament
  • -  Calendars
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Liturgies
  • -  Orthodox Eastern Church
  • -  Saints


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Leaves 39, 45 and 46 are missing."--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 202 leaves ; 265 x 200 millimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of Bulgaria.
  • -  Content in Church Slavic.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667513

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Ioann, Priest Scribe. Banitsa Gospel. [Banitsa, Bulgaria: publisher not identified, to 1299, 1275] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Ioann, P. S. (1275) Banitsa Gospel. [Banitsa, Bulgaria: publisher not identified, to 1299] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Ioann, Priest Scribe. Banitsa Gospel. [Banitsa, Bulgaria: publisher not identified, to 1299, 1275] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.