Book/Printed Material Dunlap Broadside [Declaration of Independence].
About this Item
- Dunlap Broadside [Declaration of Independence].
- John Dunlap, official printer to the Continental Congress, produced the first printed versions of the American Declaration of Independence in his Philadelphia shop on the night of July 4, 1776. After the Declaration had been adopted by the Congress earlier that day, a committee took the manuscript document, possibly Thomas Jefferson's "fair copy" of his rough draft, to Dunlap for printing. On the morning of July 5, copies were dispatched by members of Congress to various assemblies, conventions, and committees of safety as well as to the commanders of Continental troops. Also on July 5, a copy of the printed version of the approved Declaration was inserted into the "rough journal" of the Continental Congress for July 4. The text was followed by the words "Signed by Order and in Behalf of the Congress, John Hancock, President. Attest. Charles Thomson, Secretary." It is not known how many copies of what came to be called "the Dunlap broadside" were printed on the night of the fourth. Twenty-five copies are known to exist: 20 owned by American institutions, two by British institutions, and three by private individuals. Shown here is a copy from the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.
- Dunlap, John, 1747-1812 Printer.
- Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826 Author.
- Second Continental Congress, United States Creator.
Created / Published
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania : John Dunlap, 1776-07-04.
- - United States of America--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
- - 1776
- - Autonomy
- - Broadsides
- - Politics and government
- - United States -- Declaration of Independence
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - Original resource extent: 1 page (printed).
- - Original resource at: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.
- - Content in English.
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
- World History
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Rights & Access
The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners
The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.
Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
More about Copyright and other Restrictions
For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.
For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Dunlap, John, Printer, Thomas Jefferson, and United States Creator Second Continental Congress. Dunlap Broadside Declaration of Independence. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: John Dunlap, -07-04, 1776. Image. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667578/.
APA citation style:
Dunlap, J., Jefferson, T. & Second Continental Congress, U. S. C. (1776) Dunlap Broadside Declaration of Independence. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: John Dunlap, -07-04. [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667578/.
MLA citation style:
Dunlap, John, Printer, Thomas Jefferson, and United States Creator Second Continental Congress. Dunlap Broadside Declaration of Independence. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: John Dunlap, -07-04, 1776. Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667578/>.