Book/Printed Material Painting of the Governor, Mayors, and Rulers of Mexico. Pintura del gobernador, alcaldes y regidores de México

About this Item

Title

  • Painting of the Governor, Mayors, and Rulers of Mexico.

Other Title

  • Pintura del gobernador, alcaldes y regidores de México

Summary

  • This 16th-century pictographic manuscript, written in Mexico, contains the declarations of the defendants and witnesses in an investigation into charges of misrule and abuse against Viceroy Don Luis de Velasco and other Spanish authorities in New Spain, as Mexico was then called. The investigation was carried out in 1563--66 by Don Jeronimo de Valderrama, who was sent to Mexico for this purpose by order of Philip II of Spain. The people and their statements are represented through pictographs, followed by an explanation in Nahuatl and Castilian Spanish for the notaries, with the statements of the indigenous people translated by interpreters of Nahuatl. The drawings are an invaluable source of information on the everyday life of colonial Mexico. They depict civil and religious buildings; the building of homes; public works, including channel systems, bridges, and roads; male and female clothing of both Spanish and Indians; occupations and economic activity, including farming, fruit gathering, cleaning, and decoration; utensils and instruments to make them; and the currency used (gold or cocoa) to pay taxes. A military expedition to Florida is represented by a man on horseback, bearing the banner decorated with the eagle over a prickly pear, followed by four natives, dressed in Castilian clothing, accompanying the Spanish soldiers. The document is also known as the Osuna Codex, after its owner, the Duke of Osuna e Infantado, whose library became part of the National Library of Spain in 1883, but it is not a codex as such. Rather it is an administrative document, which at some point was separated, because of its attractive drawings, from the bulky file relating to Valderrama's trip to Mexico. The 39-page document keeps its original foliation (463-501), proof that it was once part of a larger file.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1565.

Headings

  • -  Mexico
  • -  1565
  • -  Codex
  • -  Government officials
  • -  Indians of Mexico
  • -  Indigenous peoples
  • -  Manners and customs
  • -  Mesoamerica
  • -  New Spain
  • -  Osuna Codex
  • -  Pictorial works
  • -  Politics and government

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 32 x 22 centimeters. 39 sheets.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of Spain.
  • -  Content in Classical Nahuatl and Spanish.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667702

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Painting of the Governor, Mayors, and Rulers of Mexico. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1565] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667702/.

APA citation style:

(1565) Painting of the Governor, Mayors, and Rulers of Mexico. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667702/.

MLA citation style:

Painting of the Governor, Mayors, and Rulers of Mexico. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1565] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667702/>.